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Law ISU Presentation: Chapter 1 It’s Purpose and History. By: David Chambers, Victor Tran, Johnathan Bellington and Tina Le. Important Ideas. Laws are very important to the well-being, good, and order of society Laws protect our rights and freedoms

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law isu presentation chapter 1 it s purpose and history

Law ISU Presentation: Chapter 1It’s Purpose and History

By: David Chambers, Victor Tran, JohnathanBellington and Tina Le

important ideas
Important Ideas
  • Laws are very important to the well-being, good, and order of society
  • Laws protect our rights and freedoms
  • We get today’s law from many places, including the middle east (Hammurabi and Mosaic), Rome, England, and France
  • Law is separated into Public and Private Law
important ideas cont d
Important Ideas (Cont’d)
  • Public Law includes criminal, constitutional and administrative, while private law includes family, tort, contract, property and labour
  • Precedent is important in deciding cases
  • Our government creates most of our laws, called statutes
  • Divisions of government are federal, provincial and municipal
important ideas cont d1
Important Ideas (Cont’d)
  • A bill must be passed through three readings, three voting periods, and go through the senate and get signed by the governor general before it becomes a law
  • Customary law isn’t written formally, but is in written judgements in international court cases
  • These “customs” are rights and responsibilities all states have
important ideas cont d2
Important Ideas (Cont’d)
  • These include sovereignty, recognition, consent, good faith, freedom of the seas, International responsibility, self defence and humanitarianism
  • Treaty laws are binding agreements all nations have to each other
  • Treaty must be negotiated, formally signed, ratified, come into force, and be enforced
important ideas cont d3
Important Ideas (Cont’d)
  • The UN General Assembly and the UN Security council play big roles in maintaining peace:
  • The general assembly holds votes with country representatives about issues
  • The security council tries to end any wars between countries and sanctions countries for breaking up peace
important terms
Important Terms

Public Law – controls the relationships between governments and the people who live in society (i.e. Criminal, constitutional, and administrative)

Private (Civil) Law – outlines the legal relationships between private citizens and organizations

Plaintiff – person who starts action or lawsuit

Defendant – person whom the plaintiff is suing

Codification – the process of making a legal system

Rule of Law – the fundamental principal that society is governed by law that applies equally to all persons that no one is above the law

important terms cont d
Important Terms (Cont’d)

Statutes – laws or acts passed by government

Habeus Corpus – the principal that anyone imprisoned was entitled to appear before the courts within a reasonable time

Bill – A proposed law; a draft of a statute

Law – applies to all members of society at all times

Equity – the idea that laws should be fair and just, and that all people are equal regardless of wealth and power

Retribution – for every crime there should be a deserved punishment

important terms cont d1
Important Terms (Cont’d)

Precedent – a legal decision that serves as an example and authority in subsequent/ similar cases

Democracy – citizens elects law makers who make laws that suit the majority of citizens

Amending Formula – the procedure to change Canada’s Constitution without British involvement

time for the test

Time for the Test!

Ten questions – get ready!!!

Test by: Victor Tran