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Constraining the past operation of plate tectonic regime. Zvi Garfunkel Institute of Earth Sciences Hebrew University, Jerusalem. Plate Tectonic regime.

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Constraining the past operation of plate tectonic regime


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constraining the past operation of plate tectonic regime

Constraining the past operation of plate tectonic regime

Zvi Garfunkel

Institute of Earth Sciences

Hebrew University, Jerusalem

plate tectonic regime
Plate Tectonic regime

Recycling of mantle by the creation and destruction of horizontally moving (oceanic) lithospheric plates. Controls heat removal from the Earth’s interior.

Accompanied by activity of hot spots (plumes); secondary role in heat removal.

present situation
Present situation

Present heat production in BSE – 24 TW

( K- 250 ppm; U- 0.02 ppm; Th- 0.08 ppm )

70% in continental crust – 17 TW

Present heat loss: seafloor spreading +

conduction through continentals – 37 TW

Net heat loss from interior – 20 TW, equivalent to

cooling rate of mantle of 132 °C/ Ga

HS/plumes remove ca. +10% of heat loss, probably mostly from the core