UHS 3052 LEADERSHIP AND CHANGE IN ORGANIZATION. PRESENTER :. NIK NORSYAMILA BINTI SHABAN CHONG YEN KHUN CHU HUI PING BASREE MANAH NUR IZNI BT MOHAMAD MUHAMMAD RAFFANJANI BIN RAHIM. ABSTRACT. In this topic, leadership and change in organization is one of most important in organization.
LEADERSHIP AND CHANGE IN ORGANIZATION
Difficult responsibilities to leader
Need effective and creative leaderships
Responsible of top management + subordinate
TYPES OF LEADER POWER THAT ARE USED TO INFLUENCE THE PERSON TO ACCEPT CHANGE
TYPES OF INFLUENCE PROCESSES THAT LEADERS USE.
RESISTANCE IN CHANGE
Belief That Change Is Not Necessary
Belief That The Change Is Not Feasible
Relative high cost
Fear of personal failure
Threat of values and ideals
Unfreezing– people starting realize that the old way of is not suitable and this occur because of an obvious or result from an effort to describe threats or opportunity.
Reduce restraining forces that create resistance to change
Changes achieved by two types of action
STAGES IN REACTION TO CHANGE
PRIOR EXPERIENCE AND REACTION TO CHANGE
Prior experiences is where human memory have some memory about the similar incident had happen in past and has a conscious mind to analyze and interpret them. And thus human learn to analyze is changes is good or bad for currant environment or situation.
persuasive appeals, training programs,
team-building activities, culture change
roles, organization structure, technology
Actions offer quick relief may make things worse in long run; best solution may offer no immediate benefits.
A change in one part of a system often elicits reactions from other parts to maintain system equilibrium.
Change in organization culture as top management direct influence the motivation and behavior of organization members.
Culture of group or organization learning to responses problem of survival in the external environment and internal integration.
Set of beliefs about distinctive competence of the organization that differentiates it from other organization.
7 characteristic of value system that can be done by employees in the organization that can differentiate with other company (Robbins, 2003: 525) :
- a sense of continuity for followers.
- hope for a better future and the faith that it will be attained someday.