Smart Buildings and Smart EnergyCITRIS Kickoff meeting – Sept. 18 2001 J. Rabaey College of Engineering, University of California at Berkeley
Smart Buildings Integrated network of sensor, control, andactuator nodes • Improves quality-of-living • Saves energy • Provides security • Helps localizing items • Extends building-human interface
A Proof-of-ConceptA 6 month demonstrator • Easy: • · Fully instrument a number of buildings on campus with networked light and temperature sensors in every room, and make the data available on a centralized web-site. • Medium: • · Make a wireless power monitor with a standard 3-prong feedthrough receptacle so that people can monitor power consumption of electronic devices as a function of time. Provide roughly one thousand such devices for rotating use around the campus to educate, chart usage, verify compliance, real-time display of consumption in a given room or lab. The impact of these simple metering devices could be tremendous. • · Similar device, but passively coupled to high-power wiring to monitor total power consumption through breaker boxes. This would give us a much finer granularity of power-consumption details, and let us look at clusters of rooms, floors, etc. • · Fully instrument the campus network • Hard: • · Real-time monitoring and control of hundreds of power systems on campus. Enforce compliance with load reduction. Charge/reward departments according to their use during peak times. Leaders: Pister, Culler, Trent, Sastry, Rabaey
Questions for today • what are our resources, and how can we get more • SmartDust, SensorWeb, PicoRadio, DARPA, NSF, ITR, need other ones • who are the players, what are our strengths • what can we safely promise in terms of deliverables over the next year and beyond • Testbed? • How to kick-start and structure the research program • Meetings, brainstorming sessions, web-pages, information database??
The Process • Set of focus workshops (to bridge into the existing efforts at the application layers – building industry, energy industry, etc) • Set of brainstorming sessions to architect system • Evolutionary testbed • 4th floor of Cory Hall / 6th floor of Soda • Use virtual model of new buildings for analysis and experimentation • The new network center in Cory Hall (coming on board (fall 2002) • share with other application areas (disaster management) • Immersion in developed technology • Work with other interested parties • LBL, CBE, etc
Challenges/Opportunities • Bridging between applications and emerging technologies • Intelligence in closing the loop • Opportunities: • Instantaneous, ubiquitous, distributed • Joint sensoring • User interface • Energy component: dynamically matching supply and demand • Role of distributed generation • Dealing with outages • Infrastructure as a dynamic enabler • Varying needs over time; energy/HVAC/QOL
Participation/extension needs • Existing efforts at the application level • Bringing social impact into the picture(The Xerox privacy issue) • Intelligent risk management • Flow through to residential environments
Potential Resources • DOE • DARPA (Immune Buildings) • State funding for staff support of deployment/deployed networks