Plantations and Slavery Spread Chapter 11: Section 2
The Cotton Boom • Eli Whitney • Invented the cotton gin • Set the South on a different course of development than the North.
The Cotton Boom • Impacted Southern life in 4 main ways: • 1. Triggered a vast movement westward. • 2. Planters grew more cotton than other goods, and cotton exports increased. • 3. More Native Americans were driven off lands in the south. • 4. Increase of slave labor.
African Americans in the South • Divided into two groups • Free • Enslaved • Enslaved Africans fell into one of two groups: • Plantation workers • Backbreaking work • Domestic servants • In 1840- 8% of Africans in the South were free.
Spirituals • Def: religious folk music • Slaves used to express religious beliefs. • Often contained coded messages about planned escape. • Influenced blues and jazz.
Many slaves resisted with rebellions. Armed or By doing work slowly or incorrect Nat Turner Turner and 70 followers killed 55 white men, women and children Most were captured and killed Turner caught, tried, and hanged. Slave Rebellions
Effects of Slave Rebellions • Spread fear throughout the South. • Strict laws passed by states • Free blacks and slaves could not own a weapon • Slaves could not hold worship without a white person present. • Grip on slavery tightened • Tension increased between South and North over slavery