The Early Cold War: 1947-1970. Part I: “Reconstruction and Confrontation”. The Ideological Struggle. Soviet & Eastern Bloc Nations [“Iron Curtain”]. Vs. US & the Western Democracies. Different Ideologies. Espionage [KGB vs. CIA] Arms Race Ideological Competition
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Soviet & Eastern Bloc Nations[“Iron Curtain”]
US & the Western Democracies
From Stettin in the Balkans, to Trieste in the Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across the Continent. Behind that line lies the ancient capitals of Central and Eastern Europe.-- Sir Winston Churchill, 1946
The U. S. should support free peoples throughout the world who were resisting takeovers by armed minorities or outside pressures…We must assist free peoples to work out their own destinies in their own way.
The U.S. gave Greece and Turkey $400 million in aid to keep it safe from communism
“European Recovery Program”
The U. S. should provide aid to all European nations that need it. This move “is not against any country or doctrine, but against hunger, poverty, desperation, and chaos.”
U. S. S. R.
About the capitalist states, it doesn't depend on you whether we (Soviet Union) exist.If you don't like us, don't accept our invitations, and don'tinvite us to come to see you. Whether you like it our not, history is on our side. We will bury you. -- 1956
Imre Nagy, HungarianPrime Minister
Removed state controls on speech
Wanted free elections, no Warsaw Pact
The Russians have beaten America in space—they have the technological edge!
“Things that matter, instead of luxury.”
Surveillance, shot down
Well-planned by US but failed
PR coup by Soviets
2 weeks before East/West summit
U-2 Spy Incident (1960)
Bay of Pigs, disaster for US
Kennedy must act as if the US is at a disadvantage
Show film clip: “Cuban Missile Crisis”
We went eyeball-to-eyeball with the Russians, and the other man blinked!
President Kennedy tells Berliners that the West is with them
Former Czech President, Alexander Dubček
He never tried to destroy the “welfare state” established by Attlee’s government.
Coalition governments [short and unstable!]