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Animal Farm - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Animal Farm. Background. Political novel British farm Animal society Allegory. Allegory. Characters & events represent something else Convey a moral or philosophical message See the handout given to compare characters to Russian Revolutionist. Themes. Power corrupts those who possess it

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Presentation Transcript
background
Background
  • Political novel
  • British farm
  • Animal society
  • Allegory
allegory
Allegory
  • Characters & events represent something else
  • Convey a moral or philosophical message
  • See the handout given to compare characters to Russian Revolutionist
themes
Themes
  • Power corrupts those who possess it
  • In society individuals are not treated equally
  • People’s ignorance contributes to their political & social oppression
  • Revolutions may result in a change of political power, but often the lives of a majority of people stay about the same
corruptive nature of power
Corruptive nature of Power
  • Leaders & followers in society can act in ways that destroy freedom and equality
  • Napoleon will become more oppressive than Mr. Jones
ignorant are oppressed
Ignorant are Oppressed
  • Orwell illustrates the limiting of individual freedom through ignorance and misplaced loyalty of the animals
  • Boxer blindly follows and says, “If Comrade Napoleon says it, it must be right.”
satire
Satire
  • Satire uses ridicule to make certain people, events, or institutions appear foolish
  • The story ridicules:
    • The vanity of humans (Mollie)
    • Blind followers (sheep)
    • Powerful people separating themselves (pigs)
    • Formation of committees creating an illusion of progress or change (pigs)
    • Accepting simplistic slogans
irony
Irony
  • Orwell uses dramatic, verbal & situational irony.
    • Dramatic-character believes, reader knows is not
    • Verbal- someone says one thing , but means something else
    • Situational-difference between what is expected/appropriate and what happens
conflict
Conflict
  • Internal
    • Animal vs. cruel master (Mr. Jones)
    • Napoleon vs. Snowball
    • Animals vs. men on adjoining farms
  • External
    • Lack of internal conflict among animals whose doubts & disillusions are so easily smoothed over by Squealer