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Animal Farm

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Animal Farm
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Animal Farm

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  1. Animal Farm Chapters 1-5 Review

  2. Question • Who does Old Major parallel in Russian history?

  3. Karl Marx or Vladimir Lenin • Marx was the original revolutionist, like Old Major. • Their ideas inspired others to rebel. • Lenin’s body was put on display in Red Square of Moscow like Old Major’s skull was displayed at the foot of the flagstaff next to the gun in Chapter 5.

  4. Question • Who is Farmer Jones in the Russian Revolution?

  5. Czar Nicholas II • Both were poor leaders, leaving for periods of time and treating their people (animals) poorly.

  6. Question • In Chapter 1, Mr. Jones takes his gun and shoots it 6 times into the darkness after Old Major incites the animals to rebel. • What is this like in Russian history?

  7. Bloody Sunday (Revolution of 1905) • Czar Nicholas II shot at the people who were petitioning for more food and rights on Jan. 22nd, 1905 at the Winter Palace in St. Petersburg.

  8. Question • Who is Napoleon in the Russian Revolution?

  9. Joseph Stalin • Napoleon and Stalin were ruthless dictators who became worse leaders than their predecessors, Farmer Jones and Czar Nicholas II.

  10. Question • Who is Snowball in the Russian Revolution?

  11. Leon Trotsky • Both were original revolutionaries. • Trotsky was the leader and the hero of the Red Army, just like Snowball was the leader and the hero of the Battle of Cowshed.

  12. Also… • Snowball gets kicked off of Animal Farm by Napoleon like Trotsky gets exiled from Russia by Stalin. • Both were more intelligent than Stalin and Napoleon. • Both were made out to be traitors.

  13. Question • Who are the pigs in the Russian Revolution?

  14. The Intelligentsia • They were the educated Russians. • They encouraged others to rebel.

  15. Question • Who does Boxer parallel in the Russian Revolution?

  16. The Proletariat or the Working Class • The proletariat were the uneducated and easily manipulated people who only wanted more land and an end to the war. • Most of the animals were uneducated and wanted to be free from the clutches of Man.

  17. Question • What is Animalism in the Russian Revolution?

  18. Marxism, Communism, and / or Socialism • All promoted an equal, classless society

  19. Also…The Beasts of England is like… • the song, The Communist Internationale. • They are both the anthems that favored an equal and bright future for all.

  20. Question • What do Sugarcandy Mountain and Moses parallel in the Russian Revolution?

  21. The Russian Orthodox Church • All provided hope for the people / animals. • Stalin and the pigs were threatened by these ideas. • The church was dejected, just like Sugarcandy Mountain and Moses were.

  22. Question • What does the overthrow of Farmer Jones parallel in the Russian Revolution?

  23. The February Revolution • The people and the animals were starving and decided to riot. • Czar Nicholas II and Farmer Jones were both overthrown.

  24. Question • Who does Mollie represent in the Russian Revolution?

  25. The Bourgeoisie and possibly the White Army • Mollie was the upper middle working class. • Neither were in favor of the revolution because luxuries would be lost. • Mollie actually leaves the farm, but she is never heard from again. • Did she join the White Army?

  26. Question • Who is Squealer in the Russian Revolution?

  27. The Media • He represents Stalin’s ideas via the newspaper and media outlets. • Using propaganda, the media manipulated the Russian people and took advantage of their low intelligence.

  28. Question • Manor Farm, later Animal Farm, parallels which place?

  29. Russia and / or the USSR USSR stands for the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, aka the Soviet Union.

  30. Question • What type of propaganda is used here? • “ ‘Our sole object in taking these things (milk and apples) is to promote our health.’”

  31. Bad Logic • Bad logic- An argument based on false premises • The pigs don’t really need milk and apples to promote their health. • They are just being selfish.

  32. Question • What type of propaganda is being used here? • “ ‘ Milk and apples (this has been proved by Science, comrades) contain substances absolutely necessary to the well being of a pig.’”

  33. Transference and / or Bad Logic • Squealer is trying to transfer the authority of science to his argument that the pigs need the milk and apples. • Bad logic because this just doesn’t really make sense.

  34. Question • What kind of propaganda is being used here? • “ ‘ We pigs are the brainworkers.’”

  35. Loaded Words or Stereotyping • “Brainworkers” is a loaded word, creating a certain reaction in the animals. • It is also stereotyping the pigs as the smartest of the animals.

  36. Question • What kind of propaganda is being used here? • “ ‘ Day and night we are watching over your welfare. It is for your sake that we drink that milk and eat those apples.’”

  37. Bad logic • It is not for the animals’ sakes that the pigs eat the apples and drink the milk. • They do it because they are selfish.

  38. Question • What kind of propaganda is used here? • “ ‘Do you know what would happen if we pigs failed in our duty? Jones would come back!’”

  39. Fear • Squealer is taking advantage of the animals’ fears that Jones will come back. • Things will go back to the way they were before if they don’t listen to the pigs.

  40. Question • What kind of propaganda is used here? • “ ‘…surely there is no one among you who wants to see Jones come back?’”

  41. Fear and Bandwagon • Fear about Jones coming back • Bandwagon because Squealer says they should all feel this way

  42. Question • Snowball and Napoleon try to stir up ideas of rebellion to neighbouring farm animals. • What is this like in the Russian Revolution?

  43. Lenin spreading his ideas before he and the Bolsheviks take over • Lenin told the people what they wanted to hear…he could get them land and stop the war

  44. Question • Who is Pilkington and what is his farm, Foxwood, in the Russian Revolution?

  45. Winston Churchill of England • He is a combination of all the leaders of England.

  46. Question • Who is Mr. Frederick and his farm, Pinchfield?

  47. Adolf Hitler of Germany • He, like Frederick, was a “tough, shrewd” man who didn’t get along with many.

  48. Question • What kind of propaganda is being used here? • Frederick and Pilkington “began to talk of the terrible wickedness that now flourished on Animal Farm.”

  49. Demonizing the Enemy • Animal Farm is being described as worthless and immoral because they are the enemy of these 2 men.

  50. Question • When Jones and his men come back in Chapter 4 to try to retake their farm, what is this compared to in Russian history? (This is the Battle of the Cowshed.)