Animal Farm Chapters 1-5 Review
Question • Who does Old Major parallel in Russian history?
Karl Marx or Vladimir Lenin • Marx was the original revolutionist, like Old Major. • Their ideas inspired others to rebel. • Lenin’s body was put on display in Red Square of Moscow like Old Major’s skull was displayed at the foot of the flagstaff next to the gun in Chapter 5.
Question • Who is Farmer Jones in the Russian Revolution?
Czar Nicholas II • Both were poor leaders, leaving for periods of time and treating their people (animals) poorly.
Question • In Chapter 1, Mr. Jones takes his gun and shoots it 6 times into the darkness after Old Major incites the animals to rebel. • What is this like in Russian history?
Bloody Sunday (Revolution of 1905) • Czar Nicholas II shot at the people who were petitioning for more food and rights on Jan. 22nd, 1905 at the Winter Palace in St. Petersburg.
Question • Who is Napoleon in the Russian Revolution?
Joseph Stalin • Napoleon and Stalin were ruthless dictators who became worse leaders than their predecessors, Farmer Jones and Czar Nicholas II.
Question • Who is Snowball in the Russian Revolution?
Leon Trotsky • Both were original revolutionaries. • Trotsky was the leader and the hero of the Red Army, just like Snowball was the leader and the hero of the Battle of Cowshed.
Also… • Snowball gets kicked off of Animal Farm by Napoleon like Trotsky gets exiled from Russia by Stalin. • Both were more intelligent than Stalin and Napoleon. • Both were made out to be traitors.
Question • Who are the pigs in the Russian Revolution?
The Intelligentsia • They were the educated Russians. • They encouraged others to rebel.
Question • Who does Boxer parallel in the Russian Revolution?
The Proletariat or the Working Class • The proletariat were the uneducated and easily manipulated people who only wanted more land and an end to the war. • Most of the animals were uneducated and wanted to be free from the clutches of Man.
Question • What is Animalism in the Russian Revolution?
Marxism, Communism, and / or Socialism • All promoted an equal, classless society
Also…The Beasts of England is like… • the song, The Communist Internationale. • They are both the anthems that favored an equal and bright future for all.
Question • What do Sugarcandy Mountain and Moses parallel in the Russian Revolution?
The Russian Orthodox Church • All provided hope for the people / animals. • Stalin and the pigs were threatened by these ideas. • The church was dejected, just like Sugarcandy Mountain and Moses were.
Question • What does the overthrow of Farmer Jones parallel in the Russian Revolution?
The February Revolution • The people and the animals were starving and decided to riot. • Czar Nicholas II and Farmer Jones were both overthrown.
Question • Who does Mollie represent in the Russian Revolution?
The Bourgeoisie and possibly the White Army • Mollie was the upper middle working class. • Neither were in favor of the revolution because luxuries would be lost. • Mollie actually leaves the farm, but she is never heard from again. • Did she join the White Army?
Question • Who is Squealer in the Russian Revolution?
The Media • He represents Stalin’s ideas via the newspaper and media outlets. • Using propaganda, the media manipulated the Russian people and took advantage of their low intelligence.
Question • Manor Farm, later Animal Farm, parallels which place?
Russia and / or the USSR USSR stands for the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, aka the Soviet Union.
Question • What type of propaganda is used here? • “ ‘Our sole object in taking these things (milk and apples) is to promote our health.’”
Bad Logic • Bad logic- An argument based on false premises • The pigs don’t really need milk and apples to promote their health. • They are just being selfish.
Question • What type of propaganda is being used here? • “ ‘ Milk and apples (this has been proved by Science, comrades) contain substances absolutely necessary to the well being of a pig.’”
Transference and / or Bad Logic • Squealer is trying to transfer the authority of science to his argument that the pigs need the milk and apples. • Bad logic because this just doesn’t really make sense.
Question • What kind of propaganda is being used here? • “ ‘ We pigs are the brainworkers.’”
Loaded Words or Stereotyping • “Brainworkers” is a loaded word, creating a certain reaction in the animals. • It is also stereotyping the pigs as the smartest of the animals.
Question • What kind of propaganda is being used here? • “ ‘ Day and night we are watching over your welfare. It is for your sake that we drink that milk and eat those apples.’”
Bad logic • It is not for the animals’ sakes that the pigs eat the apples and drink the milk. • They do it because they are selfish.
Question • What kind of propaganda is used here? • “ ‘Do you know what would happen if we pigs failed in our duty? Jones would come back!’”
Fear • Squealer is taking advantage of the animals’ fears that Jones will come back. • Things will go back to the way they were before if they don’t listen to the pigs.
Question • What kind of propaganda is used here? • “ ‘…surely there is no one among you who wants to see Jones come back?’”
Fear and Bandwagon • Fear about Jones coming back • Bandwagon because Squealer says they should all feel this way
Question • Snowball and Napoleon try to stir up ideas of rebellion to neighbouring farm animals. • What is this like in the Russian Revolution?
Lenin spreading his ideas before he and the Bolsheviks take over • Lenin told the people what they wanted to hear…he could get them land and stop the war
Question • Who is Pilkington and what is his farm, Foxwood, in the Russian Revolution?
Winston Churchill of England • He is a combination of all the leaders of England.
Question • Who is Mr. Frederick and his farm, Pinchfield?
Adolf Hitler of Germany • He, like Frederick, was a “tough, shrewd” man who didn’t get along with many.
Question • What kind of propaganda is being used here? • Frederick and Pilkington “began to talk of the terrible wickedness that now flourished on Animal Farm.”
Demonizing the Enemy • Animal Farm is being described as worthless and immoral because they are the enemy of these 2 men.
Question • When Jones and his men come back in Chapter 4 to try to retake their farm, what is this compared to in Russian history? (This is the Battle of the Cowshed.)