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Core and Supplementary Agricultural Topics. Section A. Agricultural Census Constraints. Statistical resources are shrinking while data demands are increasing Censuses are expensive and often overburdened Choose an agricultural census and survey program to meet national needs and capabilities.

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Agricultural census constraints
Agricultural Census Constraints

  • Statistical resources are shrinking while data demands are increasing

  • Censuses are expensive and often overburdened

  • Choose an agricultural census and survey program to meet national needs and capabilities

Integrated statistical system
Integrated Statistical System

  • Allows more efficient use of limited resources through a national statistical system with common frames, definitions and concepts

    • Eliminates redundancy in data collection and content

    • Prevent overburdening one statistical collection, such as the agricultural census

World program for the census of agriculture 2010 fao
World Program for the Census of Agriculture 2010, FAO

Statistical Unit:

  • Agricultural holding for the census

  • Aqua cultural holding introduced

  • Sub-holding and sub-holder

    Data Content

  • Recommended topics by core or supplementary module

  • Fewer core items than essential items in 2000

Agricultural statistics modules
Agricultural Statistics Modules

  • Core module of structural items required at lower levels of geography in agricultural census

  • Supplementary modules organized by topic to be covered on a sample basis during the census or in a later survey

Supplementary modules
Supplementary Modules

New items added to meet emerging data needs in the following themes:

  • Land, water, crops, livestock, aquaculture, forestry

  • agricultural practices and services, demographic characteristics, farm labor.

Supplementary modules1
Supplementary Modules

New census themes have been added:

  • Household food security

  • Holding management

    Some items deleted from 2000 set:

  • Presence of hired manager

  • Area with irrigation potential

  • Soil type/color/depth

  • Value of forestry/fishery sales

Why conduct an agricultural census
Why Conduct an Agricultural Census?

  • Censuses provide structural data gathered from individual household holdings at the lowest level of geography

  • Sample surveys and administrative records are invaluable for current data but cannot provide the same level of detail

When to conduct an agricultural census
When to Conduct an Agricultural Census?

  • At least every 10 years to update agricultural structural information

  • As soon as possible after the population and housing census

    • Better to identify households with holdings

    • Can use same field materials and structures

    • Possibility of matching data

Current agricultural census objectives
Current Agricultural Census Objectives

  • Structural data on agricultural holdings at low levels of geography

  • Benchmarks for current agricultural statistics

  • Sampling frame for agricultural sample surveys

  • Monitor progress toward MDGs

What agricultural units to include
What Agricultural Units to Include?

  • Traditionally:

    • Crops and livestock agricultural production units

    • ISIC groups 011, 012, and 013

  • Currently:

    • Consider all activities (crops, livestock, forestry and aquaculture) based on their importance to the country

    • ISIC groups 011, 012, 013, 020, and 050

What size units to include
What Size Units to Include?

  • Minimum size criteria

    • Reduces census scope and cost

    • May exclude small holding contributions to household income, food supply and women’s work

    • May be difficult to apply in the field

What size units to include1
What Size Units to Include?

  • Alternative is filter questions for all units

    • Ask basic questions about production and unit

    • Classify unit by specific size criteria

      • If unit meets criteria, ask additional questions

      • Otherwise, end interview

What areas to exclude
What Areas to Exclude?

  • Usually institutional holding are excluded

  • If an area must be excluded because of inaccessibility:

    • Estimate any bias this exclusion will cause

      • Systematic exclusion of nomadic pastoralists

    • Consider alternatives for estimates

      • Sampling, remote sensing

Rule for determining scope
Rule for Determining Scope

  • Quality should be a large consideration

    • Covering more with poor data is worse than covering less with high quality

  • Always specify census scope clearly

    • Assists users in understanding data

    • If it’s not included in census, it’s not in the sample surveys

Census core module
Census Core Module

  • Key national data items

  • Data needed for small administrative areas

  • Rare events

  • Sampling frame data

  • Date for international comparisons

Wca 2010 recommended core items
WCA 2010 Recommended Core Items

  • Land tenure type

  • Irrigation

  • Temporary crops

  • Permanent crops

  • Livestock numbers

  • Aquaculture

  • Forest & other wooded land

  • Other economic activities

  • Location of agricultural holding

  • Legal status

  • Sex of holder

  • Age of holder

  • Household size

  • Main purpose of production

  • Land use type

  • Area of holding

Census supplementary modules
Census Supplementary Modules

  • Data needed by policy-makers and planners

  • Ability of census to provide accurate data

  • Technical and other resources available to conduct a timely census

  • Ability of respondents to provide data

  • Continuity of data for trends analysis

  • Internationally comparable data

Wca 2010 supplementary module topics
WCA 2010 Supplementary Module Topics

  • Demographic and social characteristics

  • Farm labor

  • Household food security

  • Aquaculture

  • Forestry

  • Management of the holding

  • Land

  • Irrigation and water management

  • Crops

  • Livestock

  • Agricultural practices

  • Agricultural services

Section a quiz
Section A Quiz

  • Why do countries conduct agricultural censuses?

  • What is the modular approach to agricultural censuses?

  • What agricultural units are recommended for inclusion?

  • How many core census module items are recommended?