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WARM- UP 1. WHAT IS THIS CARTOON SAYING AND WHAT ERA IS THIS FROM? EXPLAIN HOW THIS IS INCENSITIVE AND RACIST? PowerPoint Presentation
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WARM- UP 1. WHAT IS THIS CARTOON SAYING AND WHAT ERA IS THIS FROM? EXPLAIN HOW THIS IS INCENSITIVE AND RACIST? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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WARM- UP 1. WHAT IS THIS CARTOON SAYING AND WHAT ERA IS THIS FROM? EXPLAIN HOW THIS IS INCENSITIVE AND RACIST?. Causes of the First Indochina War 1946-1954. Issues surrounding the Indo China War. 1940s Cold War Context: anticommunism. American moralism . superpower rivalry.

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slide1

WARM- UP

1. WHAT IS THIS CARTOON SAYING AND WHAT ERA IS THIS FROM? EXPLAIN HOW THIS IS INCENSITIVE AND RACIST?

issues surrounding the indo china war
Issues surrounding the Indo China War
  • 1940s Cold War Context:
    • anticommunism.
    • American moralism.
    • superpower rivalry.
  • 1940’s Colonialism Context
    • After WWII Asian Colonies demanded independence from European Nations
    • 1961 Entire Region Decolonized
  • By 1950s Cold War Context:
    • The Korean War: containment via confrontation.
    • The domino theory.
    • The U.S. as a “nation builder.”
indochina
Indochina:
  • Indochina includes most of Southeast Asia;
  • it is a political distinction created by France to include its colonial possessions of Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia (also known as French Indochina).
vietnamese history
Vietnamese History
  • long history of invasion and colonization
    • China occupied Vietnam for 1200 years (repelled in 939 AD).
    • Vietnam independent until the 19th century.
    • 1800’s France invaded and occupied Southeast Asia (including the southern region of Vietnam)
    • and for 100 years it was a French colony.
      • While Buddhism is Vietnam’s dominant religion, the French preferred Christianity.
wwii forces europeans out of asia
WWII Forces Europeans out of Asia
  • Japan invaded and occupied Vietnam during WWII.
    • Forced out with allied effort by 1945
  • France, devastated by WWII, tried to re-occupy Vietnam (with U.S. support) from 1945-54 but was driven out.
  • The U.S. stepped in to support “South Vietnam”

Japanese officer surrenders to an Indian officer in Saigon, 1945. The Vietnamese hoped they had finally won their independence,

why would the u s support the colonialization of vietnam in 1946
Why would the U.S. support the colonializationof Vietnam in 1946?
  • The Cold War! The U.S. needed French support for the Marshall Plan and NATO.
  • The First Indochina War (’46-’54) was fought by Cold War antagonists:
    • U.S.S.R. and China supported Vietminh.
    • The U.S. supported France.
key american cold war errors
Key American Cold War Errors
  • 1. The American failure to understand the effects of Western colonialism in the Third World.
  • 2. Due to American Cold War fears, Americans misinterpreted post-1945 Third World liberation movements (nationalism) as Soviet-led communism.
  • 3. The domino theory did not hold up if insurrections were nationalist-inspired more than communist-inspired, yet the U.S. clung to the domino theory, partly because it sold well.
vietnam fought for independence
Vietnam Fought for Independence
  • The Indochina War was a conflict between the French imperialists, who sought to return Vietnam as a colony of France, versus the Vietnamese nationalists
    • (most of whom were also communists) who sought sovereignty for Vietnam.
ho chi minh
Ho Chi Minh
  • Leader of the Vietnamese nationalist movement to bring sovereignty
    • he was a nationalist. This is what made him appealing to the Vietnamese.
  • A hero during the Japanese occupation
  • Helped British and American support, helped drive them out.
  • 1945 When the Japanese were defeated he proclaimed independent Democratic Peoples Republic of Vietnam (NV)
    • Viet mien- was his Guerilla Army who fought Japanese and later the French for liberation
  • France declared they still had control of North Vietnam
ho chi minh s views
Ho Chi Minh’s Views
  • Grateful to the American liberators and an admirer of the American Revolution,
    • Seen in his Vietnamese Declaration of Independence.
  • A Marxist with a proletariat background.
  • Many communist ideals( US feared this
  • Advocate of guerilla warfare tactics against foreign occupiers/imperialists.
  • Not a puppet of the USSR or China.
    • Truman and others lumped him as a puppet of the Soviets.
the first indochina war 1946 1954
The First Indochina War 1946-1954
  • In 1945, Vietnam was liberated from Japanese occupation.
  • Ho Chi Minh celebrated the Americans as liberators and sends a a letter to Truman begging him to support a Independent Vietnam
  • Prior to end of the war-FDR caved in to French and British demands to return Vietnam as a colony of France.
    • FDR felt he needed the French and British as allies in the emerging superpower rivalry with the Soviets.
  • Truman carried out this policy by supporting the French in the Indochina War of 1946-1954..
first indochina war starts
First Indochina war starts
  • No possibilities of an official Independent Vietnam
  • Vietnamese refused to give up the territories in the North
  • 1946 France Attacks North Vietnamese territories
aid in the first indo china war
Aid in the First Indo China War
  • The U.S. supported the French, while China and the USSR supported the nationalist communists.
  • The Indochina War was largely funded and partly supplied by the U.S. in exchange for French support for the American-desired NATO.
  • The French and Americans sought to carve out the southern region of Vietnam and turn it into “South Vietnam” in a nation-building experiment. South Vietnam would be a pro-U.S. capitalist friend.