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BAROQUE. Baroque: the ornate age (1600-1750). Baroque art succeeded in marrying the advanced techniques and grand scale of the Renaissance to the emotion, intensity, and drama of Mannerism, this making the Baroque era the most sumptuous and ornate in the history of art.

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baroque the ornate age 1600 1750
Baroque: the ornate age (1600-1750)
  • Baroque art succeeded in marrying the advanced techniques and grand scale of the Renaissance to the emotion, intensity, and drama of Mannerism, this making the Baroque era the most sumptuous and ornate in the history of art.
  • Spread from Rome to France, and then to the rest of Europe

In Catholic countries like Flanders, religious art flourished, while in the Protestant lands of northern Europe , such as England and Holland, religious imagery was forbidden.

  • As a result, paintings tended to be still lifes, portraits, landscapes, and scenes from daily life
  • The three famous Baroque artists: the painter Caravaggio, the sculptor Bernini, and the architect Borromini
caravaggio 1571 1610 the supernatural made real
Caravaggio(1571-1610): the supernatural made real
  • “Down and dirty” style
  • Secularized religious art, making saints and miracles seem like ordinary people and everyday events
  • Advocated “direct painting” from nature

Caravaggio, “Death of the Virgin”,, downloaded on June 27, 2012

watch the film on caravaggio
Watch the film on Caravaggio (12parts; approx. 120 minutes)

The first feminist painterArtemisia Gentileschi (1593-1653)“Judith and Maidservant with the Head of Holofernes”

Gianlorenzo Bernini (1598-1610), an architect, painter, playwright, composer and theatre designer“The Ecstasy of St. Theresa,” 1645-52, Santa Maria dellaVittoria, Rome

flemish baroque peter paul rubens 1577 1640
Flemish BaroquePeter Paul Rubens (1577-1640)
  • The southern Netherlands, called Flanders and later Belgium, remained Catholic after the reformation, which gave artists incentive to produce religious paintings
  • Rubens – a painter and a diplomat
  • Known for his religious paintings, his full-bodied, sensual nudes, and hunting pictures
a slide show of peter paul rubens works 9 minutes
A slide show of Peter Paul Rubens’ works (9 minutes)

dutch school rembrandt 1606 1669
Dutch schoolRembrandt (1606-1669)
  • Introspective paintings
  • Extraordinary emotional depth
  • Known for his portraits and Biblical themes (his early works)
caravaggio vs rembrandt by andrew graham dixon 8 minutes
Caravaggio vs. Rembrandtby Andrew Graham-Dixon(8 minutes)

art works of johannes vermeer 5 5 minutes
Art works of Johannes Vermeer (5.5 minutes)

english baroque hogarth 1697 1764 breakfast scene from marriage a la mode c 1745 ng london
English BaroqueHogarth (1697-1764)“Breakfast Scene”, from Marriage a la Mode, c. 1745, NG, London
the art of william hogarth 6 minutes
The Art of William Hogarth (6 minutes)

how to tell them apart
Gainsborough, “Mrs Richard Brinsley Sheridan”, c. 1785, NG, London

Reynolds, “Jane, Countess of Harrington”, 1777, San Marino, CA

How to tell them apart
Thomas Gainsborough (1727-88)

Joshua Reynolds (1723-88)

  • Easy-going, often overdue with commissions
  • Naïve, spontaneous
  • No intellectual pretensions or ambitions, loved nature, music
  • Solo act – did not use assistants
  • Casual poses without posturing
  • Natural setting, landscape background
  • Sitters in contemporary dress
  • Hard-working, careful businessman, complete professional
  • Consummate gentleman/scholar
  • Well educated in classics, England’s first art theorist
  • Employed assistants and drapery painters
  • Aimed at “senatorial dignity” in portraits
  • Antique props: urns, pedestals, columns
  • Sitters in character as goddesses, saints
slide show of diego velazquez works 4 minutes
Slide show of Diego Velazquez’ works (4 minutes)

french baroque georges de la tour the penitent magdalen c 1638 43 mma ny
French BaroqueGeorges de La Tour, “The Penitent Magdalen”, c. 1638-43, MMA, NY
the national geographic mary magdalen film approx 50 minutes
The National Geographic Mary Magdalen film (approx 50 minutes)

  • Rococo was born in Paris, where it coincided with the reign of Louis XV (1723-74)
  • Rococo was primarily a form of interior decoration, the name deriving from the “rocaille” motif of shellwork and pebbles ornamenting grottoes and fountains
  • Curvilinear, delicate ornamentation
discuss the differences

Wren, St. Paul’s Cathedral, 1675-1712, London


Gaudi, Casa Mila, 1907, Barcelona

Discuss the differences
rococo art
Rococo art
  • Mood
  • Interior décor
  • Shapes
  • Style
  • Colors
  • Playful, superficial, alive with energy
  • Gilded woodwork, painted panels, enormous wall mirrors
  • Sinuous S- and C-curves, ribbon-like scrolls
  • Light, graceful, delicate
  • White, silver, gold, light pinks, blues, greens
who were the old masters
Who Were The Old Masters?

Bellini, Bosch, Botticelli, Bruegel, Canaletto, Caravaggio, Carracci, Claude, Correggio, Durer, El Greco, Giorgione, Hals, Holbein, La Tour, Leonardo, Masaccio, Michelangelo, Poussin, Raphael, Rembrandt, Reni, Rubens, Tiepolo, Tintoretto, Titian, Van Dyck, Van Eyck, Velazquez, Vermeer, Veronese, Zurbaran

  • Honour, Hugh and John Fleming. The Visual Arts: A History. Revised 7th ed. Toronto: Prentice Hall, 2010. Print
  • Strickland, Carol. The Annotated Mona Lisa. A Crash Course in Art History from Prehistoric to Post-Modern. Kansas City: Andrews McMeel Publishing, LLC, 2007. Print