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Chapter 4

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  1. Chapter 4 Review

  2. How many amendments did the Bill of Rights have when it went into effect in 1791? • a. eight • b. ten • c. twelve • d. fourteen

  3. The war between Britain and France put President Washington in a difficult position because • a. most Americans supported the British. • b. most Americans supported France. • c. both France and Britain traded with the United States. • d. the British were encouraging Native Americans to attack western settlers.

  4. Pinckney’s Treaty gave the United States • a. control of the Florida territory. • b. the right to navigate the Mississippi River. • c. most-favored nation status with Spain. • d. the right to limited trade with British colonies.

  5. The idea that states can declare a federal law unconstitutional is called • a. state interposition. • b. state sedition. • c. states’ rights. • d. nullification.

  6. The decision in the Marbury v. Madison case established • a. the right to a trial by jury. • b. the right to an attorney. • c. the Court’s right of judicial review. • d. the right to create a national bank.

  7. After a British warship fired on an American warship in 1807, President Jefferson asked Congress to pass the ____, halting all trade with Europe. • a. Alien and Sedition Acts • b. Virginia Resolution • c. Hartford Convention • d. Embargo Act

  8. The Election of 1800 was closely contested, and had an outcome that • a. resulted in a tie of the popular vote between the two candidates. • b. showed how the process of selecting the president was ideal. • c. demonstrated how power cannot be peacefully transferred. • d. resulted in a tie of the Electoral College votes between the two candidates.

  9. Some leaders opposed the Bank of the United States because they believed • a. the Constitution did not give the federal government the power to create a bank. • b. the paper money issued by the bank would soon become worthless. • c. Southern planters would own most of the stock because only they could afford it. • d. the Constitution expressly forbade the federal government from creating a bank.

  10. Jay’s Treaty • a. stopped the British from seizing American cargoes bound for French ports. • b. required the British to compensate American merchants. • c. prevented war with Great Britain. • d. harmed the fragile American economy.

  11. The XYZ Affair concerned • a. French demands for bribes from the United States. • b. American demands for bribes from France. • c. British demands for bribes from the United States. • d. American demands for bribes from Britain.

  12. The United States gained the Louisiana Territory by • a. buying it from France. • b. buying it from Spain. • c. winning it in the War of 1812. • d. winning it in the Quasi-War.

  13. Jefferson strongly believed that a republic could only survive if • a. the people were defended by local militia. • b. all federal debts were paid off. • c. federal powers were limited. • d. the people owned land.

  14. Francis Scott Key wrote “The Star-Spangled Banner” after • a. the burning of the White House. • b. the Treaty of Ghent. • c. the battle of Baltimore • d. the Battle of New Orleans.

  15. During the War of 1812, ____ secretly arranged for the construction of a fleet on the coast of Lake Erie in Ohio. • a. William Hull • b. Andrew Jackson • c. James Madison • d. Oliver Perry

  16. Which was a cause of the Embargo Act of 1807? • a. The Republican Party’s influence was weakened. • b. Shipping came to a standstill. • c. Britain began impressment of American sailors. • d. Demand for crops dropped drastically.

  17. The “necessary and proper” clause in the Constitution created what kind of powers? • a. absolute • b. explicit • c. implied • d. enumerated

  18. What treaty enraged France and eventually led to the Quasi-War? • a. Treaty of Greenville • b. Pinckney’s Treaty • c. Treaty of Ghent • d. Jay’s Treaty

  19. Unlike the Federalists, the Democratic Republicans: • a. Wanted to ally with Britain • b. Supported the national bank • c. supported high taxes • d. supported agrarianism

  20. Which of the following did Alexander Hamilton favor as part of his economic plan? • a. prohibiting taxes on products like whiskey • b. closing the national bank • c. protective tariffs • d. requiring state governments to pay their own taxes

  21. Which of the following best describes the Democratic Republicans? • a. they favored Federalist policies • b. they preferred loose construction • c. they wnted to help creditors • d. they objected to the national government being involved in local and state affairs

  22. Which event was a response to an unpopular tax imposed by the federal government? • a. the Whiskey Rebellion • b. the XYZ Affair • c. Marbury v. Madison • d. the British blockade of the eastern seacoast

  23. Who was president when the United States acquired and began to explore the Louisiana Territory? • a. George Washington • b. John Adams • c. Thomas Jefferson • d. James Madison

  24. Which of the following was a part of Alexander Hamilton’s plan for restructuring the nation’s debt? • a. using cash reserves to pay down state and national debts • b. reducing tariffs on imported goods to lower prices for consumers • c. developing a strong commercial and industrial economy • d. banning taxes on goods such as coffee, tea, and alcoholic spirits

  25. President Adams appointed a number of “midnight judges” because • a. he wanted the judicial branch to remain under Federalist influence • b. more judges were needed to handle an increasing number of cases • c. he wanted to reward the Democratic-Republicans • d. he wanted to repay political favors

  26. Why did the Sedition Act upset many Americans? • a. It threatened their basic individual liberties • b. It kept the Federalists in power • c. It suspended free elections • d. It expanded the powers of Congress

  27. During his Farewell Address, George Washington warned Americans to avoid • a. the Bank • b. Hamiliton’s financial plans • c. Alliances with foreign countries • d. electing John Adams

  28. Which of the following was NOT a major reason for our involvement in the War of 1812? • a. War Hawks • b. impressment • c. slavery • d. problems with Indians in the West

  29. The Treaty of Ghent • a. Allowed the British and Americans to jointly occupy the Oregon territory • b. Declared an armistice to offiically end the War of 1812 • c. Removed all British ships from the Great Lakes • d. Removed the British from Canada

  30. Which of the following is in the correct order • a. Washington, Madison, Jefferson, Adams • b. Washington, Jefferson, Adams, Madison • c. Adams, Washington, Jefferson, Madison • d. Washington, Adams, Jefferson, Madison

  31. One of Washington’s most important precedents was the • a. selection of a Vice President. • b. formation of a Cabinet. • c. signing of the Judiciary Act. • d. ending of the Supreme Court.