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MLA REFERENCING AND CITATIONS POWERPOINT GUIDE

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MLA REFERENCING AND CITATIONS POWERPOINT GUIDE. MLA Referencing and Citations. You need to use referencing and citations when: 1 – You use a quotation 2 – You use an idea that is not your own 3 – When you use a statistic. MLA Referencing and Citations.

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mla referencing and citations
MLA Referencing and Citations
  • You need to use referencing and citations when:
  • 1 – You use a quotation
  • 2 – You use an idea that is not your own
  • 3 – When you use a statistic
mla referencing and citations1
MLA Referencing and Citations
  • You do not need to reference and cite:
  • 1 – General knowledge (ie. The Declaration of Independence was written in 1776)
  • 2 – Common ideas that can be found in more than three well known books (ie. Plato is a rationalist)
mla referencing and citations2
MLA Referencing and Citations
  • There are different manners in which to reference and cite.
  • Three of the most common are:

- MLA Style

- Chicago Style

- APA Style

MLA and Chicago are usually used for the humanities (history, philosophy)

APA is usually used for the sciences

This guide covers MLA

mla referencing and citations3
MLA Referencing and Citations
  • When you use a quotation, idea or statistic that is not your own you need to:
  • Place the author’s name and the page number, from where you found the information, in brackets directly following the quotation, idea or statistic.
  • List the book in the bibliography/works cited list.
mla in text citations
MLA In-Text Citations
  • In-Text citations should appear in brackets directly after the sentence that contains the information that needs to be referenced.
  • Quotations should appear in-text if under 25 words and should be indented, single spaced and separated by a blank line if over 25 words.
mla in text citations1
MLA In-Text Citations

There is clear indication that Plato does not believe

his society could actually exist:

Do you suppose that what we say is

any less good on account of our not

being able to prove that it is possible

to found a city the same as the

one in speech. (Plato 472)

This demonstrates that the society introduced in The

Republic is a philosophic exercise as opposed to an actual

plan.

mla in text citations2
MLA In-Text Citations

It was the Sophist’s notion of moral relativity that inspired Socrates. Protagoras’ declaration that, “Man is the measure of all things” displayed a lack of understanding, or caring, for any higher truths. (Gaarder 62) Thus, Socrates, had to teach the Athenians that there were matters more important than the individual, and that a universal ethics existed.

mla in text citations3
MLA In-Text Citations

Although Jefferson displayed progressive ideas, he would not release his slaves. The reason was a practical one, money. (Johnson 336) Jefferson was constantly in debt, mostly to London banking houses.

mla in text citations4
MLA In-Text Citations

In the years 1997 – 1999 Nike spent 85% of their operating budget on advertisement as opposed to 10% of their budget on wages and salaries. (Klein 76) This statistic illuminates how care for brands has become more important than care for people.

mla bibliography or works cited list
MLA Bibliography or Works Cited List
  • Information in in-text citations must correspond to information in the bibliography or works cited list.
  • A teacher must be able to link an in-text citation to the work in the bibliography or works cited list.
  • A bibliography or works cited list should appear at the end of an essay, with an underlined title.
  • Works in the bibliography or works cited list must be compiled alphabetically, by author, and if no author, then by title.
  • All in-text citations must have a corresponding reference in the bibliography or works cited list.
mla bibliography or works cited list1
MLA Bibliography or Works Cited List
  • Book with one author:

Diamond, Jared. Guns, Germs and Steel. New York: W.W. Norton and Company, 1997.

mla bibliography or works cited list2
MLA Bibliography or Works Cited List
  • Book with two authors:

Johnson, Paul and Anthony, James. A History of the Jewish People. New York: Harper and Collins, 1991.

mla bibliography or works cited list3
MLA Bibliography or Works Cited List
  • Book with three authors or more:

Jackson, Steven, et al. The New America. Boston: Harvard University Press, 1983.

mla bibliography or works cited list4
MLA Bibliography or Works Cited List
  • Book with an author (translated):

Plato. The Republic of Plato. Trans. Allan Bloom. The United States: Basic Books, 1968.

mla bibliography or works cited list5
MLA Bibliography or Works Cited List
  • An edition of a book:

Crowley, Sharon. Ancient History for Modern Students. 3rd ed. New York: Pearson and Longman, 2006.

mla bibliography or works cited list6
MLA Bibliography or Works Cited List
  • A work prepared by an editor:

Bronte, Charlotte. Jane Eyre. Ed. Margaret Smith. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998.

mla bibliography or works cited list7
MLA Bibliography or Works Cited List
  • An essay or chapter from a book:

Klein, Naomi. “The Anti-Globalization Movement.” Globalization in Focus. Ed. Michael Lewis. Toronto: McGraw Hill, 2002.

mla bibliography or works cited list8
MLA Bibliography or Works Cited List
  • Article from a magazine:

Buchanan, Phillip. “Censorship: A Modern Necessity.” Time. December 2005: p. 24 – 27

mla bibliography or works cited list9
MLA Bibliography or Works Cited List
  • Article from a newspaper:

Bielski, Zosia. “The Homeless in Toronto.” The National Post. 24 May 2004. E4.

mla bibliography or works cited list10
MLA Bibliography or Works Cited List
  • Article from a newspaper taken off the web:

Stolley, Karl. “Grits Not Tough Enough.” The Toronto Star. 10 May 2006. <http://thetorontostar.ca/gritsnot/may/politics/nes>

mla bibliography or works cited list11
MLA Bibliography or Works Cited List
  • Article from a website:

Mayer, Mason. “Hannah Arendt.” The Internet Encyclopaedia of Philosophy. 4 May 2002. The University of Tennessee. 30 November 2008. <http://iep.utm.edu/arendt>

mla bibliography or works cited list12
MLA Bibliography or Works Cited List
  • Webpage with no author:

“Statistics Canada: Ontario.” Statistics Canada. 10 June 2005. Government of Canada. 12 September 2008. <http://gov.stat.ca/ontario/pop/eth>

mla bibliography or works cited list13
MLA Bibliography or Works Cited List
  • Film or movie:

Tarantino, Quinton. Pulp Fiction. 1994. Twentieth Century Fox.

mla bibliography or works cited list14
MLA Bibliography or Works Cited List
  • Television Show or Radio Broadcast:

“They Saved Lisa’s Brain.” The Simpsons. Twentieth Century Fox. 1999.