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Climate Family Climographs & Locations - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Climate Family Climographs & Locations. Developed by Joe Naumann. A family of climates - Tropical. Warm all months Diurnal temperature range is usually greater than the range of average monthly temperatures. Seasons based on precipitation, not on temperature.

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Climate family climographs locations l.jpg

Climate Family Climographs& Locations

Developed by

Joe Naumann

A family of climates tropical l.jpg
A family of climates - Tropical

  • Warm all months

    • Diurnal temperature range is usually greater than the range of average monthly temperatures.

  • Seasons based on precipitation, not on temperature.

  • Differences in typical vegetation is based on differences of available precipitation.

Climograph af tropical rainforest l.jpg
Climograph–Af (Tropical Rainforest)

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Am – Tropical Monsoon

  • Not given on many maps – often combined with the tropical rainforest (Af)

  • Temperatures are very similar to Af

  • Precipitation differs: there is a short dry season that is long enough to allow some deciduous trees to be part of the forest.

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B Family – Dry Climates

  • The most important characteristic is the insufficiency of precipitation for any kind of continuous vegetation cover.

  • Precipitation is also usually unreliable.

  • Temperatures are usually not considered

    • High altitude & high latitude deserts (Bwk)

    • High altitude & high latitude steppe (Bsk)

    • Low latitude deserts (Bwh)

    • Low latitude steppe (Bsh)

  • Temperatures – k = cold & h = hot

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C Family – 4 season temperate

  • All members have four distinct seasons based primarily on temperature differences

  • The receive enough precipitation to support some type of forest vegetation (Maquis of the Mediterranean is the result of human action of long ago – deforestation by the Romans)

  • Summers can be very hot, but winters are mild compared to those of the D climates.

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Climagraph – Cfa (Humid subtropical)

St. Louis is near the northern border of Cfa

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D Family – Humid Continental

  • The continental influence results in seasonal temperature extremes

  • Four seasons, but the summer gets shorter and cooler as one progresses from Dfa to Dfd.

  • Found in the higher latitudes; therefore, there are none in the southern hemisphere. There are no huge continental landmasses in those latitudes in the southern hemisphere.

  • Sufficient precipitation to support some type of forest vegetation.

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Climagraph – Dfa (Humid Continental – hot summer)

St. Louis is near the southern border of Dfa

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Moving north into Canada colder D climates

  • Dfc

  • Dfd – coldest of the D family

  • D climates found in Asia, particularly Siberia (w stands for dry winter)

    • Dwa

    • Dwb

    • Dwc

    • Dwd

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E Family – Polar climates

  • Here the temperatures do not get warm enough to provide a reasonable growing season. Available precipitation is insufficient to support any type of forest.

  • The ET climate (tundra) does support grasses, herbaceous plants, mosses, and lichens in the few months that might avearge above freezing.

  • The EF climates never have average temperatures above freezing, so there is no vegetation.

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EF - Permanent Ice and Snow

  • Glacial areas such as mountain glaciers or continental glaciers (Antarctica & Greenland)

  • No vegetation or permanent human habitation.