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Chapter 6. Theoretical Basis for the Practice of Nursing . The Metaparadigm of Nursing. Person Health Nursing Environment. Theory. Method of analyzing facts and finding the relationships that the latter have to one another Hypothesis or educated guess

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chapter 6

Chapter 6

Theoretical Basis for the

Practice of Nursing

the metaparadigm of nursing
The Metaparadigm of Nursing
  • Person
  • Health
  • Nursing
  • Environment
theory
Theory
  • Method of analyzing facts and finding the relationships that the latter have to one another
  • Hypothesis or educated guess
  • Set of principles linked to a perspective
nursing theories
Nursing Theories
  • Concepts, propositions, and laws, communicated as nursing values and practice
history of nursing theory development
History of Nursing Theory Development
  • 1952–Peplau’s Theory of Interpersonal Relationships
    • Nursing established as a scientific discipline with unique characteristics
  • 1970s
  • 1980s and Fawcett’s work
levels and types of theories
Levels and Types of Theories
  • Metaparadigm
  • Grand
  • Middle-range
  • Practice
four early theorists
Four Early Theorists
  • Florence Nightingale
  • Hildegard Peplau
  • Martha Rogers
  • Callista Roy
  • Review Table 6-1
theory and practice how do they relate
Theory and Practice:How do they Relate?
  • How can using theories improve the quality of nursing?
  • Are nursing-specific theories needed?
  • Advantages to having nursing theories?
    • Are there disadvantages?