Sawyer: The UK Economy 16e Chapter 6 Money, Finance and Monetary Policy Money and finance: The Financial System A financial system is composed of firms and markets which fulfil a variety of economic functions.
Equity shares can be issued in three main ways:
There are frequently periods of years when the level of share prices is rising (a bull market) or falling (a bear market). Chart shows the movements in recent years in the FTSE index of 100 leading UK shares.
Unit trusts and investment trusts are the main forms of mutual investment in the United Kingdom. The purpose of mutual investment is to enable small investors to pool resources in order to gain the benefits of diversification.
The Commission has pursued this aim with a three-pronged approach.