Mayflower Compact - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Mayflower Compact
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Mayflower Compact

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  1. Mayflower Compact • In the name of God, Amen. We, whose names are underwritten, the loyal subjects of our dread Sovereign Lord King James, by the Grace of God, of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, King, defender of the Faith, etc. • Having undertaken, for the Glory of God, and advancements of the Christian faith and honor of our King and Country, a voyage to plant the first colony in the Northern parts of Virginia, do by these presents, solemnly and mutually, in the presence of God, and one another, covenant and combine ourselves together into a civil body politic; for our better ordering, and preservation and furtherance of the ends aforesaid; and by virtue hereof to enact, constitute, and frame, such just and equal laws, ordinances, acts, constitutions, and offices, from time to time, as shall be thought most meet and convenient for the general good of the colony; unto which we promise all due submission and obedience. • In witness whereof we have hereunto subscribed our names at Cape Cod the 11th of November, in the year of the reign of our Sovereign Lord King James, of England, France, and Ireland, the eighteenth, and of Scotland the fifty-fourth, 1620.[

  2. 11. Slave Trade Grows • Grows after 1620…full steam ahead by late 1600s • 1st “slaves” come 1619 • but indentured servants still used until 1670s Slave Trade Triangle

  3. 12. Slave Status Changes by 1700 • 1700 – flow of slaves to colonies explodes…why? • Colonies… • Slave Codes/Laws made in all of them • new laws created caste system… • white servants treated different than blacks • white servants freed but not blacks • assumption spread that blacks would stay as servants • Black rights limited by law now • England…

  4. 13. Slaves in the 3 regions • Middle & North Colonies • Fewest slaves • Most contact with whites • More assimilated… • Less field work • Most freedom to choose professions

  5. High South • MD & VA • More Blacks… • But still a small % of pop • Slaves did what work?  • Tobacco fields • Other jobs too… • Black & White relations • More regular contact between the two • More integration of African & American culture for blacks

  6. The Deep South • SC & GA • Rice…look like fun?  • One of the reasons why slavery became more popular…white IS’s didn’t like the harder work • Biggest #’s • Plantations w/100+ slaves & few whites = • Blacks kept culture (language & traditions) • Worst Conditions

  7. 14. 1st you change the laws... • Then what changes? OQ revisited • White racism grew to make the system stronger…make sense? • Blacks = inferior • Capable of only manual labor • Whites felt they were doing a favor… • Civilizing blacks…like who else? • Incentive for slaves to have children • Financial gain for owner (TJ)

  8. How to write an ID • An ID is a short paragraph answer. • You usually have to identify a person or historical event and its HISTORICAL IMPACT! • ID questions are usually analysis questions or compare/contrast questions • 6-10 points on Tests (2 points per “factual sentence”) • 3-5 points on Quizzes (1 point per “factual sentence”) • What is a factual sentence? • A complete sentence with one important, well written, accurate piece of information embedded in it • On tests (60-70 points) you have to answer 2-4 of them, for 20-30 points. On quizzes (20-30pts), you have to answer 2-4 for 10-15pts) • They are important…learn to do them well

  9. Other Rules • Do not bullet answers • Do not be vague and expect me to infer details • Be accurate. Mistakes count as points off. Know your stuff