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Digestive System . Health Concerns. Halitosis. : foul mouth odor, bad breath Etiology: poor dental hygiene, lung or intestinal disorder S/S: bad breath TX: proper dental hygiene, . Flatulence VS Eructation. Flatulence : accumulation of gas in the stomach

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digestive system

Digestive System

Health Concerns


: foul mouth odor, bad breath

Etiology: poor dental hygiene, lung or intestinal disorder

S/S: bad breath

TX: proper dental hygiene,

flatulence vs eructation
Flatulence VS Eructation

Flatulence: accumulation of gas in the stomach

Flatus: release of gas through the anus

Eructation: belching or burping. Release of gas through mouth


: inflammation of both the stomach and the small intestine. (aka: stomach flu)

Etiology: virus

S/S: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, fever

TX: increase fluid intake, reduce solid food intake. Prevented by washing hands, not sharing eating utensils, not eating unwashed foods

Picture of Ulcer from NSAIDS

hiatal hernia
Hiatal hernia

Etiology:Protrusion of the stomach through opening in the diaphragm

S/S: pain because of back flow of stomach acids, pain after eating and bending over

TX: losing weight, eating small meals, antacids. Surgery if necessary


Excessive bilirubin in the blood, not a disease a sign of something else going wrong

Etiology: liver disease, sometimes Hep B,C, and mono

S/S: sclera turns yellow

TX: fixing whatever is wrong with the liver…


Chronic liver disease

Etiology: chronic hepatitis, poor nutrition or excessive alcohol intake

S/S: fluid retention in arms and legs, jaundice, itching, can’t clot blood as well

TX: Remove the causes from lifestyle


Inflammation of the gallbladder

Etiology: gall stones in gallbladder making walls hard.

S/S: pain after eating fatty foods in RUQ, jaundice, light stools

TX: weight loss, low fat diet, medication surgery


Inflammation of the appendix

Etiology: gastric substance leak into if from the duodenum

S/S: abdominal pain, constipation, fever, elevated WBC

TX: surgery

ulcerative colitis
Ulcerative colitis

Etiology: recurring ulcers and inflammation of the large intestine, Stress

S/S: cramping, abdominal pain, diarrhea

TX: medication


Inflammation of the small pouches in the intestinal wall

Etiology: trapped food or bacteria

S/S: abdominal pain and fever

TX: bed rest, antibiotics, liquid diet, low fiber diet