Day 29: Launching the New Ship of State 1789-1800 Baltimore Polytechnic Institute October 11, 2012 A/A.P. U.S. History Mr. Green
The New Government Objective: Students will: evaluate the presidency of George Washington as pivotal to inaugurating the new federal government. evaluate the methods and policies Alexander Hamilton used to put the federal government on a sound financial footing.
Warm-Up What are the differences between Conservatives and liberals today? What were the differences between conservatives and liberals in the 1790’s?
Protocol and Early Decisions America’s population 90% rural 5% lived west of Appalachian Mountains Washington elected with unanimity initiated the cabinet-3 department heads State-Jefferson Treasury-Hamilton War-Knox Bill of Rights Judiciary Act of 1789
Hamilton’s Financial Program Shape fiscal policies of the administration to favor wealthier classes so they would lend to the government monetary and political support Trickle down to the masses Funding at par to pay off federal debts Assumption of state war debts All of this financial policy was designed to improve the credit of the United States
Development of Political Parties Parties started as factions and withered away as the issue fizzled or triumphed Jefferson/Hamilton Strict Construction-Jefferson Loose Construction-Hamilton “necessary and proper” clause Bank of the U.S. Whiskey Rebellion Page 206 table 10.2
Foreign Policy during Washington’s Administration Relationship with France Initially Americans cheered the French Revolution After Louis XVI was beheaded, Federalists viewed the Jeffersonians in a different light. Neutrality Proclamation of 1793 Relationship with Britain Warnings to the New Nation-Washington warned of political parties and permanent treaties
Homework • Continue Reading Chapter 10 • Work on Presidential Election Charts, complete 1788, 1792 tonight • 5 Question quiz on Friday