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Mongol and Ming Empires. Mr. Koch World History A Forest Lake High School. Mongols (early 1200s). Nomadic group largely lived on horseback Clans united by strong, harsh leader Genghis Khan (“World Emperor”) led extremely skilled, fierce army

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mongol and ming empires

Mongol and Ming Empires

Mr. Koch

World History A

Forest Lake High School

mongols early 1200s
Mongols(early 1200s)
  • Nomadic group
    • largely lived on horseback
  • Clans united by strong, harsh leader
    • Genghis Khan (“World Emperor”)
    • led extremely skilled, fierce army
    • Spread empire across northern Asia to eastern Europe
    • Adopted use of cannons to attack walled cities in China
mongols
Mongols
  • Often allowed considerable freedom to conquered if paid tribute
  • Established stability, peace, and order during rule (1200s & 1300s)
      • “Pax Mongolica”
mongols1
Mongols
  • Genghis’ grandson – Kublai Khan – finally conquered China in 1279
    • Became known as Yuan Dynasty
    • Tried to avoid assimilation
    • Only Mongols hold top positions or serve in military
ming dynasty
Ming Dynasty
  • In era after Kublai Khan’s death, peasant leader organizes rebellion
    • Many Chinese hated Mongol rule
      • Viewed as “barbarians”
  • Tried to revive ways of previous Chinese empires
    • Confucianism, civil service exams, economy, arts
ming dynasty1
Ming Dynasty
  • 1405 -1433 Zheng He travels around the world with large fleet
    • After his death, China “turns inward” and largely ends exploratory voyages