WOOD 120 “Topics in Forestry” - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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WOOD 120 “Topics in Forestry”

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  1. WOOD 120“Topics in Forestry”

  2. Global Distribution of Forests www.iisd.org/wcfsd/currentforests.png

  3. Hardwoods • Gymnosperms • Evergreen • Coniferous • Angiosperms • Deciduous • Non-Coniferous Softwoods (www.agpix.com) (Ellis) (Côté) (Côté) (http://woodcrafterplus.com) (BC Wood Specialties)

  4. Global Distribution of Forests 21% 18% 7% 25% 12% 17% www.iisd.org/wcfsd/currentforests.png

  5. Forest Harvest (Global) • Subsistence (Domestic Survival) • Non-subsistence (Industrial)

  6. Forested Lands in Canada

  7. Biogeoclimatic Zones of BC (BC Ministry of Forests and Range)

  8. British Columbia - Forest Regions Northern Interior Southern Interior Coast (BC Ministry of Forests and Range, 2003)

  9. “Forest” “A forest is an ecosystem characterized by a more or less dense and extensive tree cover, often consisting of stands varying in species composition, structure, age class, and associated processes, and commonly including meadows, streams, fish and wildlife.” (Society of American Foresters, 1998)

  10. Land types in British Columbia (BC Ministry of Forest and Range, 2003)

  11. Forest Land Ownership (Canadian Forest Service, 2001)

  12. Canada http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canada

  13. The “Politics” of Canadian Forests • Federal Ministry of Natural Resources • Provincial Ministry of Forests, Lands and Natural Resource Operations • Canadian Council of Forest Ministers (CCFM) • Canadian Forest Service “To promote the sustainable development of Canada's forests and competitiveness of the Canadian forest sector for the well-being of present and future generations of Canadians.” (Natural Resources Canada, 2005)

  14. Examples of Associations and NGOs • Council of Forest Industries (COFI) • Truck Loggers Association (TLA) • Forest Products Association of Canada (FPAC) • Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) • Greenpeace Canada • Sierra Club of BC

  15. Canada’s Balance of Trade (2012) (Statistics Canada)

  16. Canada’s Balance of Trade (2004-2012) $, Billion (Statistics Canada, 2013)

  17. Some BC Forest Facts • In 2011, forest products made up 30 percent of all B.C. exports, with a value of roughly $9.95 billion a year. • Forestry is the number-one industry in BC’s northern interior region producing more than one fifth of Canada’s softwood lumber each year. • Direct employment in the forest industry in 2010 averaged 55,500 positions, representing 2.5 percent of total provincial employment. • Half of softwood produced in Canada comes from BC (52.5% in 2010) (Council of Forest Industries, 2011)

  18. Softwoods (94%) Lodgepole pine Spruce Hemlock Balsam fir Western red cedar Yellow cedar Douglas-fir Ponderosa pine Larch White pine Hardwoods (6%) Aspen Red alder Western white birch Bigleaf maple BC Commercial Timbers (Council of Forest Industries, 2000)

  19. Timber volume in BC’s forests by species

  20. Forest Fires in BC (Top News) (Vancouver Province)

  21. # of fires 1333 1673 2473 3064 2394 2570 1659 976 1606 2023 655 1706 1783

  22. Mountain Pine Beetle (Natural Resources Canada)

  23. Mountain Pine Beetle

  24. Mountain Pine Beetle (Natural Resources Canada)

  25. Mountain Pine Beetle Innovation Canada NRCan

  26. Blue-Stained Pine www.designsbyjessica.ca www.painterforum.com

  27. Total Area Affected by Mountain Pine Beetle in Western Canada

  28. Mountain Pine Beetle spread in BC (BC Ministry of Forests and Range)

  29. Mountain Pine Beetle spread in BC (BC Ministry of Forests and Range)

  30. Mountain Pine Beetle spread in BC (BC Ministry of Forests and Range)

  31. Mountain Pine Beetle spread in BC (BC Ministry of Forests and Range)

  32. First Nations • Tsilhqot-in First Nation granted title to more than 1,700 km2 of land in BC. • Land covered is greater than traditional reserve. • Impact on current and future natural resource development (forestry, mines) is uncertain.

  33. Global Economic Downturn • Real estate “bubble” • Over optimism (real estate, stocks, etc.) • Sub-prime mortgages → defaults • Single family housing starts (USA) 2005 = 2.0 million; 2009 ≈ 0.5 million • Home inventories (USA) 2006 = 5 million; 2009 = 10 million • Demand for Canadian lumber ↓↓↓

  34. US Housing Starts and Lumber Prices

  35. BC Interior Lumber Production