1 / 14

Consumption: Destructive & Transformative

Consumption: Destructive & Transformative. From quantitative to qualitative development: Consumption & the Purpose of Production. Top 10 National Consumer Class Populations, 2002. The New Significance of Consumption I: Avoiding Redistribution & Needs-based Development.

Download Presentation

Consumption: Destructive & Transformative

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. Content is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use only. Download presentation by click this link. While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server. During download, if you can't get a presentation, the file might be deleted by the publisher.


Presentation Transcript

  1. Consumption: Destructive & Transformative From quantitative to qualitative development: Consumption & the Purpose of Production

  2. Top 10 National Consumer Class Populations, 2002

  3. The New Significance of Consumption I: Avoiding Redistribution & Needs-based Development Permanent War Economy / Cold War The Suburb Economy: Oil / Autos / Subdivisions Creation of “Effective Demand” ; Increasing role of Debtas money; Institutionalization of “work-and-spend” cycle

  4. The New Significance of Consumption II: Current trends in mainstream enviro regulation • 60s-70s: end of pipe & point-source pollution • mid-80s on: eco-efficiency & pollution prevention • mid 90s on: consumption patterns & product design:

  5. Limits vs. Transformation The Oil / Suburb / Debt / Mass Consumption economy created a structure of development. A green economy must create a logical structure of its own.

  6. Consumption in a Green Economy • Human dimension: from products to services: serving need; resources as means to the end. • struggle to define “need” • Resource dimension: Cycles in closed loops: the “Lake Economy” / biomimicry • efficiency / harmony / stewardship

  7. Questions • can substantial human self-development take place without dematerialization? • can major conservation/recycling take place without human development? • can Capitalism (a system where money is the end-goal) become a form of Qualitative Development? • the potential and/or limits of “natural capitalism” • a question of not just the structure but the driving forces of economic life.

  8. Democracy & Consumption: What’s the relationship? • Who decides what human need is? • Knowledge-based development & participation: • “eyes to acres” relationship in green production. • Mass collaboration & Peer production in the electronic Commons • Info economy & direct democracy • Industrialism & representative democracy • the “stakeholder corporation”

  9. Knowledge & Consumption • Info-intensity and product/process design • Deskilling of the Consumer: role of eco-literarcy • Market Transformation & Collective Consumerism • Distributed Regulation: finance, certification, scale, etc. • Distributed Production: food, energy, building, craft, preventive health care, etc.

  10. Knowledge in a Postindustrial Economy • information about products, processes & production • knowledge as gratification / fulfillment • money as information: “…an information system for the deployment of human and natural energies.” • new forms of work & relationship: • Prosumption: home & community-based production. • LFP: value-brokers • Interra Project: integrated mode of exchange & valuation

  11. Self-Development & Consumption • evolutionary trends toward individuation • class power & dependence • violence & Wholeness • Culture-based development & Individuation • ‘Neo-Primitive’ Development: Global Village, Electronic Commons, Bioregionalism, Field Consciousness • culture-based production & Gift relationships

  12. Dematerialization Strategies • limits of private consumerism • EPR: ecodesign and closing loops transformative consumerism • sharing • information: needed to redefine value. • ESCO model of material wealth creation • The transformation of Retail • Media, Education and Conservation • Green Procurement & market creation • Finance & Regulation

  13. Retailing • New “Commanding Heights” of capitalism: Wal-Mart and cost-cutting business model. • reflects importance of end-use • localization strategies: key to closing loops • Retailers as conservation utilities? • -as learning centres? • -as used materials depots?

  14. Regenerative or Transformative Consumerism • Goes beyond protectionism to ecological alternatives • Decreases material consumption, makes it more cyclical • Overcomes both the isolation and the passivity of the individual consumer, through sharing and “prosumption”. • Regenerates humans, community & ecosystems. Encourages social justice, quality of work life and the integrity of natural systems. • Effects ripple • upstream to affect extraction & processing, and • downstream to affect disposal.

More Related