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The Value of Women’s Work. Productive & Reproductive Work. Productive Work producing goods or services for exchange (industrial capitalism=money exchange) Reproductive Work work that involves caring for others. Housework, cooking, care of the sick and elderly.

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productive reproductive work
Productive & Reproductive Work
  • Productive Work
    • producing goods or services for exchange (industrial capitalism=money exchange)
  • Reproductive Work
    • work that involves caring for others. Housework, cooking, care of the sick and elderly.
slide3
Distinction between productive & reproductive in developed countries:
  • Industrialization– separation of private/public
  • Shift from
  • The family-based economy
  • The family-wage economy
  • The family-consumer economy
family based economy
Family Based Economy
  • All family members work to reproduce family (farming, canning, sewing, cleaning, tool making)
family wage economy
Family Wage Economy
  • Separation of public (work for wages in factories) and private (household)
  • Reproductive work attached to private sphere
  • Reproductive work defined as “non-work”—no wages attached.
family consumer economy
Family Consumer Economy
  • Extension of family wage economy but,
  • More household tasks are farmed out to paid “help” (Enter Nannies & Maids)
  • Or, commodified (taken out of the home and sold back to consumers) (Enter Service Workers)
the gender wage gap
The Gender Wage Gap
  • See Overhead
  • What Patterns do you detect?
question for all
Question for All
  • Why do you think women’s work is valued so little?
  • How do you think the transition from the family-based to family-wage economy shaped the value of “women’s” work?
  • How does this play out in the wages attached to the work of nannies and maids?
slide9
Group #1
  • Hochschild & Ehrenreich lay out the push and pull factors that spark labor migration into household work (nannies & maids).
  • What are these factors?
  • How does male privilege figure into these trends (increased hiring of maids & nannies)?
  • Paint us a picture: Who are the nannies & maids?

Who are the women and men who hire them?

slide10
Group #2
  • Hochschild discusses love as a resource that is extracted from developing countries. What does she mean by this?
  • Be sure to discuss the following:
  • How do ethnic stereotypes shape employers perceptions of the nanny role?
  • Hochschild says that, “What is being extracted (love) is partly assembled here…” What does she mean by this?
slide11
Group #3
  • Ehrenreich points out that the work done by maids (housekeeping) is being transformed by corporations like Merry Maids? What does this transformation look like? And, what might it mean for the women doing the work?
slide12
Group #4
  • Toward the end of each article, Hochschild & Ehrenreich put forth some suggestions that might improve the lives of maids and nannies. What are these suggestions?
  • What do you think of their suggestions?
relationships between domestic workers and their female employers
Relationships Between Domestic Workers and Their Female Employers
  • What do both of today’s articles have in common?
slide14
Hondagneu Sotello:

Themes:

  • Patriarchy & shifting the burden.
  • Care work as non-work (blurred boundaries).
  • #1 leads to unique employer expectations.
  • #1 & 2 creates employee/employer tensions.

What are the tensions?

How are tensions resolved?

Do these resolutions further gender & labor inequity?

slide15
Pei-Chia Lan

Themes:

  • A unique dimension added to previous discussions of shifting the burden.
  • Lan states speaks of the “…transfer chain of “filial kin work,” which [she defines] as care work to maintain patrilineal intergenerational ties.”

What does she mean by this?

slide16
Lan Continued:

Chinese family traditions intersect w/ /patriarchy

Consequently,

  • Expectation that mother-in-law will live with son.
  • Women charged with care of mother-in-law.
  • Mother-in-law has authority over daughter-in-law & her duties.

How have these relations been transformed in recent years?

What role do migrant domestic workers play in the transition?

Do resolutions to the “mother-in-law” issue challenge or secure patriarchy?