Northern Ireland Coursework - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Northern Ireland Coursework

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  1. Northern Ireland Coursework What attempts at peace have been made and how much left is there to do?

  2. Background to the Downing Street Declaration 1993 • Gerry Adams, leader of Sinn Fein had series of meetings with John Hume of the SDLP • This was an attempt to end the killing

  3. Moves towards Peace • The British PM John Major and the Irish Taoiseach Albert Reynolds produced the Joint Declaration for Peace in December 1993 • The idea was to include Sinn Fein and representatives of the Protestant paramilitaries

  4. The Declaration • Talks would take place to decide a new form of government for Northern Ireland • Only parties which rejected violence would be part of the talks • British government said that possible unity for Ireland would be decided by the Irish • A Forum for Peace and Reconciliation would be set up to promote trust and understanding

  5. Chances of success? • Sinn Fein were losing support in elections • Catholics and Protestants both started to vote for the SDLP • Thousands attended peace rallies after the Shankill bombing • The new Irish President argued that peace & justice in the North was more important than removing Partition

  6. Chances of success? (2) • Sinn Fein described the Declaration as ‘very disappointing’ • Ian Paisley accused John Major of having ‘sold out Ulster to buy off the fiendish republican scum’ • Summer of 1994 saw the sectarian killings continue • But some politicians and paramilitaries seemed to be working towards peace

  7. The Good Friday Agreement • Signed 10th April 1998 • Multi-party talks took place representing all political opinion • Strand 1 of the Agreement deals with how Ulster will be ruled • Strand 2 deals with Ulster & the Irish Republic • Strand 3 deals with Ireland & the UK

  8. Agreement at last? • Agreement showed high level of agreement between the different political parties • 71% in the North & 94.% in South voted for the agreement

  9. The Omagh Bomb • 29 people died and 100s more hurt August 15th 1998 • Attack was by the Real IRA • Had the effect of making people more determined than before to get peace

  10. What problems still remain? • Every August the Orange Order march • This causes tension between the 2 communities • The most well known example of these is at Drumcree

  11. What problems still remain?(2) • Recently there was trouble at the Holy Cross School • Children at a Catholic primary school had to be protected by the police

  12. What problems still remain? (3) • Paramilitary groups like the IRA and the UDA have a huge number of weapons • There is argument over destroying (‘decommissioning’) these weapons