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SANDF/DOD SUPPORT TOWARDS THE CREATION OF THE AFRICA STANDBY FORCE PowerPoint Presentation
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SANDF/DOD SUPPORT TOWARDS THE CREATION OF THE AFRICA STANDBY FORCE

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SANDF/DOD SUPPORT TOWARDS THE CREATION OF THE AFRICA STANDBY FORCE

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  1. SANDF/DOD SUPPORT TOWARDS THE CREATION OF THE AFRICA STANDBY FORCE PRESENTATION TO PORTFOLIO COMMITTEE ON DEFENCE AND JOINT STANDING COMMITTEE ON DEFENCE ON 03 FEBRUARY 2004

  2. SCOPE • Introduction • Background • Orientation • Why an Africa Standby Force? • 3rd African Chiefs of Defence Staff Meeting • Concept of an Africa Standby Force • DOD Approach to Contributing to the ASF • General Principles • Progress Report • Road Ahead • Conclusion

  3. INTRODUCTION • The establishment of the AU has emphasized the importance of acting in a multi-lateral manner • We are members of the region and part of the continent • As SADC we need to show our commitment to Africa by supporting AU initiatives like the Africa Standby Force

  4. Background/Orientation • Formation of African Union, Durban, 2002. Replacement for OAU. • Protocol - Peace and Security Council • PS Council • Africa Standby Force • Military Staff Committee • Continental Early Warning System • Panel of the Wise

  5. WHY AN AFRICAN STANDBY FORCE? • Africa is to be seen to take responsibility for itself • It will enhance the obtaining of AU/UN mandates and subsequent donors and funding • It will allow for future quick reaction to prevent genocide/killing • Transparency/sharing of information and trai-ning – can lead to defusing of potential explosive situations within the region and on the continent

  6. PEACE ANDSECURITY COUNCIL EXECUTIVECOUNCIL PAN AFRICANPARLIAMENT SPECIALISEDTECHNICALCOMMITTEES PERMANENTREPRESENTATIVESCOMMITTEES Sub-Committee Sub-Committee ORGANS OF THE AFRICAN UNION Composition : Heads of State THE ASSEMBLY(supreme Organ) Constitutive Act THE COMMISSION Secretariat of the Union Protocol on PSC A standing decision making organ for the prevention management andresolution of conflict. Composition: Ministers of Foreign Affairs FINANCIALINSTITUTIONS ECONOMIC, SOCIALAND CULTURALCOUNCIL (an advisory organ) COURT OFJUSTICE African InvestmentBank African CentralBank African MandatoryFund

  7. MILITARY STAFF COMMITTEE PSC SECRETARIAT AFRICA STANDBYFORCE PANEL OFTHE WISE 5 x Regional Brigades ASF HQ Addis SPECIAL FUND CONTINENTALEARLY WARNINGSYSTEM PEACE AND SECURITY COUNCIL UN COMMISSION Protocol on PSC REGIONAL MECHANISMS Draft AU Non Aggression And Common Defence Pact Draft Rules Of Procedure Regional EWC Common African Defence and Security Policy National EWC Work on Doctrine/SOPs at Continental/Regional Levels SADC Mutual Defence Pact

  8. 3rd African Chiefs of Defence Staff Meeting (ACDS) • Recent History • 2nd ACDS meeting: 1997 Harare • 3rd ACDS meeting: May 2003 Addis Ababa to consider modalities for the creation of the African Standby Force and Military Staff Committee • Senior officials meeting followed by ACDS meeting • South Africa chaired – Gen Nyanda • 4th ACDS Meeting: January 2004 Addis Ababa

  9. 3rd ACDS Meeting Recommendations: May 03 • Develop Africa Standby Force (ASF) in two phases • #1: 30 June 2005 and #2: 30 June 2010

  10. TIME FRAMES • Phase One (by 30 June 2005) • AU develop a full time capacity for simpler missions and standby system ( Skeleton Mission HQ, Full Time Planning Element, and manage standby rosters) • Regions consider standby force elements • All learn from SHIRBRIG (European Standby Force) • Decisions on support • AU/SADC Doctrine and hierarchy of documents/procedures in place and aligned with UN

  11. TIME FRAMES • Phase Two (by 30 June 2010) • Be able to manage complex missions

  12. THE CONCEPT OF AN AFRICA STANDBY FORCE • A rapid deployment/early entry capability that can rapidly react to prevent killings/genocide, while the mandate is prepared and approved for the follow on peace keeping forces that make up the bulk of the standby brigade • The standby force which is predominantly responsible for participation in peace support operations in the following categories: • Preventative diplomacy/peace making • Humanitarian intervention • Peacekeeping • Peace Enforcement • Peace Building

  13. North West Central East AU HQ Addis Ababa South Proposed Africa Union Five Regions Detail membership of the Five Regions still needs to be determined

  14. x x x x x North EW Centre Log Support ? x x x x x West Central East AU HQ Addis Ababa EW Centre EW Centre EW Centre Log Support ? Log Support ? Log Support ? South EW Centre Log Support ? Africa Union Regions AU Standby Force Core HQ Early Warning Centre HQ

  15. DOD APPROACH TO CONTRIBUTING TO THE ASF

  16. INITIAL DOD ACTIVITIES • Chief of Joint Operations lead process to develop broad options for SANDF contribution • An assessment has been done by the DOD on possible posts that will need to be filled by DOD members at regional and continental levels

  17. GENERAL PRINCIPLES • The ASF contribution is not an over and above one for the SANDF/DOD! • The ASF does not imply that we divorce ourselves from UN. • Standby force should deploy in own region, but can deploy outside it.

  18. GENERAL PRINCIPLES • The earmarked forces should assist the region in producing a balanced force to contend with all missions. • Forces should be light, mobile and sustainable with good command and control systems

  19. ROAD AHEAD • Meetings at officials, experts and Chiefs of Defence Staff are being scheduled to determine structures, hierarchy of documents, etc • The principle to be followed will be to commence planning at national level and then progress via SADC to AU

  20. QUESTIONS/ DISCUSSION