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Consider : How have presidential powers changed over time?

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  1. Consider: How have presidential powers changed over time? Homework: Assignment 10 for tomorrow

  2. Consider: How have presidential powers changed over time? Homework: Assignment 10 for tomorrow

  3. Development and Expansion of Presidential Power Unit 4: President AP Government and Politics

  4. Development and Expansion of Presidential Power 7.3 • Establishing Presidential Authority: First Presidents • Incremental Expansion of Presidential Powers: 1809-1933 • Creating the Modern Presidency – FDR to the present

  5. Establishing Presidential Authority: First Presidents George Washington Puts down Whiskey Rebellion Asserted presidential power to conduct foreign policy Idea of Inherent powers – dealing with neutrality in French/British war Thomas Jefferson Louisiana purchase another good example of inherent powers 7.3

  6. Incremental Expansion of Presidential Powers: 1809-1933 Andrew Jackson Democratization of the presidency Surpassed all vetoes combined before him Abraham Lincoln Extraordinary war powers – Suspends habeas corpus Needs of the nation = inherent powers 7.3

  7. Creating the Modern Presidency General trend – Moves from a strong Congress (up to 1865) to more assertive presidents Franklin D. Roosevelt (FDR) Dealing with crises - Great Depression, New Deal, World War II 7.3

  8. An Imperial Presidency? • Perhaps the lesson to be taken from the presidents since Kennedy is one Arthur Schlesinger suggested almost 40 years ago, writing about Nixon: “The effective means of controlling the presidency lay less in law than in politics. For the American President ruled by influence; and the withdrawal of consent, by Congress, by the press, by public opinion, could bring any President down.” - Robert Dallek Power and the Presidency, From Kennedy to Obama • “He’ll sit here and he’ll say, ‘Do this, do that’, and nothing will happen. Poor Ike, it won’t be a bit like the army” - Harry Truman

  9. Questions on the reading • Why are Republicans often unable to challenge what they consider “executive fiats”? • Is the “imperial presidency” the only option in a divided government? • If Obama has continued and “improved” upon the use of executive action, are we destined to see increasing use by subsequent presidents, especially if divided government remains the norm? • Is there any recourse for a president who uses executive orders to the extreme?