Jim Crow Laws. Character in a minstrel act in 1832 A white man dressed up as a black man and danced ridiculously, singing the lyrics: "Weel about and turn about and do jis so, Eb'ry time I weel about I jump Jim Crow." Stereotype of African Americans
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"Weel about and turn about and do jis so, Eb'ry time I weel about I jump Jim Crow."
Linda Brown had to walk over a mile to school everyday even though the “white” school was only 7 blocks from her house
Precedent – Plessy vs. Ferguson – “Separate but Equal”
1st Black Supreme Court Justice
The Supreme Court reversed his conviction because no Mexican Americans had ever served on a jury in Texas
Emmett Till’s killers
Then they rolled his body down a gulf amidst a blood red rainAnd they threw him in the waters wide to cease his screaming pain.The reason that they killed him there, and I'm sure it ain't no lie,He was a black-skinned boy so he was born to die.And then to stop the United States of yelling for a trial,Two brothers they confessed that they had killed poor Emmett Till.But on the jury there were men who helped the brothers commit this awful crime,And so this trial was a mockery, but nobody seemed to mind.The Death of Emmett Tillby Bob Dylan
This song is just a reminder to remind your fellow manthat this kind of thing still lives today in that ghost-robed Ku Klux Klan.But if all of us folks that thinks alike, if we give all we could give,We could make this great land of ours a greater place to live.The Death of Emmett Tillby Bob Dylan
The Montgomery black community launches a bus boycott until the buses are desegregated in December of 1956
**Known as the Montgomery
Brought civil rights to the national level
MIA, led by MLK, sued the Montgomery bus system and the Supreme Court declared that segregation on buses was unconstitutional
MLK being arrested for speeding during Montgomery Bus Boycott
“We must forever conduct our struggle on the high plane of dignity and discipline” MLK
Martin Luther King, Jr.
1st President of SCLC
Little Rock 9
A new court order forced Faubus to withdraw the Arkansas National Guard.
1,000 police “escorted” students to class
**Eisenhower was 1st President since Reconstruction to use armed forces to support the rights of black citizens**
Dwight D. Eisenhower
• Largest black
church in city
• Took 14+ years to