Jim Crow Laws. Jim Crow Laws- laws passed by states that established “separate but equal” facilities for whites and blacks. Lasted from 1876-1965. In 1889, the Ga. General Assembly segregated public facilities.
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Worked for social equality all his life & became close friends w/ Du Bois.
Supported many civil rights groups like the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People(NAACP)- an organization formed in 1909 by white liberals & members of the Niagara Movement to work for the rights of African Americans.
Was a very important educator of African Americans becoming the 1st African American President of Morehouse College & Atlanta University.
Depression- a sharp economic downturn. Started in October 1929-1933
1. People of the U.S. had borrowed more $$$ than they could payback. This hurt the banks that had loaned the $$$ & the businesses waiting on their repayment.
2. Factories had produced more goods than they could sell. Demand for goods fell and people stopped buying things.
3. Stock Market Crash- During the 1920’s, most folks bought stock & paid only a little of it. Even thought the stock wasn’t paid in full, the investor had the right to sell it. This drove the price of stocks way high.
FDR was worried about how the fighting in Europe & Asia could have on the U.S. if it kept on growing.
U.S. started giving weapons to GB & France. In 1941 Congress passed the Lend-Lease Act- gave FDR the right to send weapons to allies who were fighting a common enemy but couldn’t pay for the weapon right then.
Japan ended up bringing the U.S. into WWII w/ the bombing of Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Japan’s purpose was to knock the U.S.’s naval fleet out of the Pacific Ocean they also were not expecting the U.S. to come after them with most of their military resources.
In February 1960 4 black college students held their 1st sit-in @ an all white lunch counter.
Sit-ins were protests in which African-Americans would sit in segregated places & peacefully refuse to leave until they were either served or arrested.
One of the 1st major movements in the CRM was the Albany Movement- Students came to Albany Ga. to help black voters become registered to vote.
Although many were frustrated that the movement didn’t achieve more of its goals regarding desegregation, the Albany Movement played an important role in paving the way for future protests & showed leaders like MLK the potential of mass demonstration as an effective means of resistance.