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CDC Evaluation Process. Harlen Hays, MPH Office of Health Promotion, KDHE. Help! Someone Wants Our Program to be Accountable. We live in a data driven world The trick is using all available data sources Not all data points are numeric in nature

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cdc evaluation process

CDC Evaluation Process

Harlen Hays, MPH

Office of Health Promotion, KDHE

help someone wants our program to be accountable
Help! Someone Wants Our Program to be Accountable
  • We live in a data driven world
    • The trick is using all available data sources
    • Not all data points are numeric in nature
      • There are only 10 types of people in the world — those who understand binary, and those who don't.
  • The key to sustainability is showing progress and highlighting changes to improve this progress in the future
can we really see change
Can we really see change?
  • That depends…
  • Identify your audience first
    • Funders and Potential Funders (Reporting Requirements, New Monies)
    • Decision Makers (Policy Change, Reporting Requirements)
    • General Public (Public Support)
    • Other Health Programs (Replication of projects)
if you build it
If you build it…
  • Evaluation Framework
    • CDC’s Framework for Program Evaluation in Public Health Practice 1
    • Originally published in 1999 in Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
      • Adapted in 2001 specifically for Tobacco Control
    • Six Step Process
the 6 step program
The 6-Step Program
  • Engage Stakeholders
  • Describe the Program
  • Focus the Evaluation and Design
  • Gather Credible Evidence
  • Justify Conclusions
  • Ensure Use of Evaluation Findings and Share Lessons Learned
engage stakeholders
Engage Stakeholders
  • Three major groups of stakeholders
    • Those served by the program, or by proxy those impacting the community
    • Those involved in program operations
    • Decision makers
  • All plans should identify areas for Stakeholder input
    • Key stakeholders may be asked to regularly participate
describe the program
Describe the Program
  • Need for the program
    • Consequences for the state and community
    • Size of the problem
    • Determinants of the health problem
    • Target Groups
    • Changes or trends that are occurring
describe the program cont
Describe the Program Cont.
  • Goals and Objectives
    • Goals are the overall purpose of the program
      • 4 Goals of a Comprehensive Tobacco Prevention Program
    • Objectives are the steps leading to goals and the changes required to achieve the goals
      • Written in SMART format (Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Relevant, Time bound)
describe the program cont1
Describe the Program Cont.
  • Program Resources, Activities, Outputs, Outcomes and Goals can be placed in a logical format to create a roadmap of change
  • Known as a logic model
focus the evaluation and design
Focus the Evaluation and Design
  • Identify the Types of Evaluation that can be used
    • Formative (How will my product be viewed by the target audience)
    • Process (Did we reach the people we thought we would)
    • Outcome or Impact evaluation (What change did we see in the population of interest)
gather credible evidence
Gather Credible Evidence
  • Identify Indicators of each outcome
    • Comprehensive list provided by the CDC through the Key Outcomes Indicators
    • Should include at least one indicator per outcome
  • Identify Appropriate data sources
    • How often is the information required? At what level of detail? How much does it cost? Is there another source to compare it to across locations and time?
justify conclusions
Justify Conclusions
  • Identify the Format of your Evaluation
    • Reporting Form (Quarterly, Semiannual, Final)
    • Legislative Brief (Short Policy Focused)
    • Technical Document (Scientific or Formal Evaluation)
    • Media Press Releases
ensure use of evaluation findings and share lessons learned
Ensure Use of Evaluation Findings and Share Lessons Learned
  • Return to all potential audiences
    • Is the format and language used appropriate for these audiences?
    • What changes, both positive and negative, could result from the conclusions?
  • Dissemination plan
    • What media will be used to distribute findings?
    • How will feedback be gathered?
  • MacDonald G, Starr G, Schooley M, Yee SL, Klimowski K, Turner K. Introduction to Program Evaluation for Comprehensive Tobacco Control Programs. Atlanta (GA): Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; 2001