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The naming of seas, maritime features and currents

The naming of seas, maritime features and currents

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The naming of seas, maritime features and currents

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  1. The naming of seas, maritime features and currents Mátyás MÁRTON and Gábor GERCSÁK (Budapest, Hungary) 26 April 2007

  2. Eötvös Loránd University

  3. Major points of discussion • Structure of names • Specific and generic elements • Word-for-word translations • General geographical attributes or cardinal points as specific terms • Identification of objects • Examples in English, German and Hungarian

  4. Names and their origin • Names of seas • Names of parts of seas • Names of sea currents • Names of undersea features • (Names of islands)

  5. Word-for-word translations • Sea:Black Sea – Schwarzes Meer – Fekete-tenger • Part of sea:Bay of Mexico – Golf von Mexiko – Mexikói-öböl • Sea current:Gulf Stream – Golfstrom – Golf-áramlás • Undersea feature:Guinea Rise – Guineaschwelle – Guineai-hát

  6. Generic terms • Sea:Baltic Sea– Ostsee – Balti-tenger (Keleti-tenger) • Part of sea:Drake Passage– Drake-Straße – Drake-átjáró • Sea current:Kuro Shio– Kuroschio – Kuro-shio • Undersea feature:Sunda Shelf– Sundaschelf – Szunda-self

  7. Specific terms • Sea:White Sea – Weißes Meer – Fehér-tenger • Part of sea:Bay of Biscay – Golf von Biskaya– Vizcayai-öböl • Perzsa-öböl (–1959) • Perzsa (Arab)-öböl (1961–2001) • Perzsa-öböl (2004–) • Currents:Peru Current – Humboldstrom – Perui (Humboldt)-áramlás

  8. Specific terms of undersea features describing the location • Near to:Madagascar Basin – Madagaskarbecken – Madagaszkári-medence • Direction:South Honshu Ridge – Süd-Honschurücken – Déli-Honshui-hátság • Extension:Azores-Gibraltar Ridge – Azorenschwelle –Azori–Gibraltári-hátság

  9. Specific terms of undersea features as "reminder names" • Ship:Atlantis Seamount –Atlantis Kuppe – Atlantis-fenékhegy • Expedition:Northern Holiday Seamount– ? – Northern Holiday-fenékhegy • Institution:An Rise – ? – AN-hát • Person:Gauss Seamount – ? – Gauss-fenékhegy

  10. "Inexpressive" terms in names • General geographical attributes: • Great – Groß – Nagy- • New – Neu – Új- • Mid – Mittel – Közép- • Cardinal points: • North – Nord – Észak- • Southeast – Südost – Délkelet-

  11. "Inexpressive" names • Sea:North Sea –Nordsee –Északi-tenger • Part of sea:Canal do Norte–Canal do Norte–Északi-csatorna • Sea current:Nord Cape Current – Norwegischer Strom – Északi-foki-áramlás • Undersea feature:East Cape Ridge – ? – Keleti-foki-hátság

  12. Translation of geographical names in publications • National Geographic World Atlas (2005, in Hungarian from the German edition) • Sea of Japan − Japán-tenger − East Sea − ? (Inconsistent, but logical for Germans) • Possible confusion with Ostsee (East Sea) for the German readers and with the outdated Keleti-tenger (= East Sea = Baltic Sea) for Hungarian map users

  13. Extract