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Cultures of the Mountains and Seas

Cultures of the Mountains and Seas

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Cultures of the Mountains and Seas

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  1. Cultures of the Mountains and Seas Chapter 5 Section 1

  2. Key Terms • Mycenaean • Trojan War • Dorian • Homer • Epic • Myth

  3. Geography Shapes Greek Life • The Sea • Lived around the sea • No need to travel more than 85 miles to find coastline • Seas were important transportation routes • Connected Greeks with other societies • Sea trade was important

  4. Geography Shapes Greek Life • The Land • Mountains cover ¾ of Greece • Divided land into different regions • Several independent communities • Loyalty was to local community

  5. Geography Shapes Greek Life • The Land • Few roads • Transportation difficult • Several days to travel • ¼ of Greek land was fertile • Greece could not support a large population • Motivated Greeks to discover colonies

  6. Geography Shapes Greek Life • The Climate • 48 in winter 80 in summer • Moderate temperature supported outdoor life • Spent leisure time at public events • Discuss public issues, exchange news

  7. Mycenaean Civilization Develops • Settled on Greek mainland 2000 BC • Located in southern Greece • Mycenae leading city • Protective wall 20 feet thick • Warrior kings ruled 1600-1100 BC

  8. Contact with Minoans • 1500 BC came in contact • Mycenaeans trade throughout the Mediterranean • Mycenaeans adopted Minoan writing • Formed core of Greek religion, art, politics, literature

  9. Trojan War • 1200 BC 10 year war against Troy • Trojan prince kidnapped Helen wife of a Greek king • Troy discovered in 1870 • One of the last Mycenaean’s battle campaigns

  10. Greek Culture Declines Under Dorian • Mycenaean culture collapses in 1200 BC • Dorians moved into war torn countryside • Spoke dialect of Greek • Less advanced • Lost art of writing • No written record for 400 years

  11. Epic of Homer • Learned of history through the spoken word • Homer a blind story teller • Composed Epics-narrative poems • Iliad-epic poem of the Trojan War

  12. Epic of Homer • Heroes of Iliad are warriors • Achilles- fierce warrior • Hector-courageous and noble • Myths-traditional stories about their gods

  13. Greeks Create Myths • Gods had human qualities • Love, hate jealousy • Gods quarreled • Lived forever • Zeus-ruler of the gods • Hera his wife • Athena-goddess of wisdom and cities • Lived on Mount Olympus