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Essentials of Organizational Behavior, 9/e Stephen P. Robbins/Timothy A. Judge. Chapter 3 Personality and Values. After studying this chapter you should be able to:. Explain the factors that determine an individual’s personality.

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after studying this chapter you should be able to
After studying this chapter you should be able to:
  • Explain the factors that determine an individual’s personality.
  • Describe the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator personality framework.
  • Identify the key traits in the Big Five personality model.
  • Explain how the major personality attributes predict behavior at work.
  • Contrast terminal and instrumental values.
  • List the dominant values in today’s workforce.
  • Identify Hofstede’s five value dimensions of national culture.
personality
Personality
  • The sum total of ways in which an individual reacts to and interacts with others
  • Most often described in terms of measurable traits that a person exhibits, such as shy, aggressive, submissive, lazy, ambitious, loyal and timid
myers briggs type indicator
Myers-Briggs Type Indicator
  • Most widely used personality-assessment instrument in the world
  • Individuals are classified as extroverted or introverted (E or I), sensing or intuitive (S or N), thinking or feeling (T or F), and judging or perceiving (J or P)
  • Classifications combined into 16 personality types (i.e. INTJ or ESTJ)
the big five model
The Big-Five Model

Contradiction to MBTI:

  • Extraversion
  • Agreeableness
  • Conscientiousness
  • Emotional Stability
  • Openness to Experience
personality and national culture
Personality and National Culture

A country’s culture influences the dominant personality characteristics of its population.

value systems
Value Systems
  • Represent a prioritizing of individual values
  • Identified by the relative importance an individual assigns to such values as freedom, pleasure, self-respect, honesty, obedience, and equality
hofstede s framework for assessing cultures
Hofstede’s Framework for Assessing Cultures
  • Power distance
  • Individualism vs. collectivism
  • Masculinity vs. femininity
  • Uncertainty avoidance
  • Long-term vs. short-term orientation
person organization fit
Person-Organization Fit
  • It is more important that employee’s personalities fit with the overall organization’s culture than with the characteristics of any specific job.
  • The fit of employee’s values with the culture of their organization predicts job satisfaction, commitment to the organization and low turnover.
implications for managers
Implications for Managers
  • Evaluate the job, the work group and the organization to determine the optimum personality fit
  • Find job candidates who not only have the ability, experience and motivation to perform but also possess a value system that is compatible with the organization’s.
summary
Summary
  • Explained the factors that determine an individual’s personality.
  • Described the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator personality framework.
  • Identified the key traits in the Big Five personality model.
  • Explained how the major personality attributes predict behavior at work.
  • Contrasted terminal and instrumental values.
  • Listed the dominant values in today’s workforce.
  • Identified Hofstede’s five value dimensions of national culture.
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