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South American Indigenous Tribes. By: Katie Schleper. Background Info. Many of the estimated 2,000 nations and tribes which existed in the 16 th century died out as a consequence of the European settlement, and many were assimilated into the Brazilian population.

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background info
Background Info
  • Many of the estimated 2,000 nations and tribes which existed in the 16th century died out as a consequence of the European settlement, and many were assimilated into the Brazilian population.
  • Many indigenous people died as a result of Europeans killing them off.
  • There is a confirmed number of 67 uncontacted tribes in Brazil, as of 2007.
jivaro tribe
Jivaro Tribe
  • Although there are many headhunting cultures around the world, this tribe is the only group known for shrinking heads (tsantsa)
  • The Jivaro live deep in the Ecuadorian Amazon rainforest, neighboring the Peruvian rainforest
  • The Jivaro are the only tribe to resist being overcome by the Spanish, Incas, and early conquistadors
  • The Jivaro have a reputation for fierceness
  • Molten gold was once poured down a Spanish Governor's throat until his bowels burst
kayapo tribe
Kayapo Tribe
  • The Kayapo Tribe lives in the vast Matto Grosso plains
  • The Kayapo men traditionally wear disks in their lower lips
  • Body adornment is important in their tribe, ear plugs symbolize receptivity to others, while lip plugs symbolize assertiveness
penare pah nah ree tribe
Penare (Pah-nah-ree) Tribe
  • The Penare people live in the Venezuelan Amazon Basin
  • They are very traditional, they still live in thatched huts, and dress in traditional clothing
  • Penare women are not allowed to learn Spanish, when speaking to outsiders they must communicate through a male interpreter
  • While this is obviously sexist, it is also a good thing because women continue to pass down the culture, myths, and stories
  • It has been said that after a tribe begins speaking Spanish, the native culture disappears in about 25 years
yanomamo tribe
Yanomamo Tribe
  • The Yanomamo people live in the Amazon Basin in Venezuela and Brazil
  • This tribe is believed to be the most primitive and culturally intact, they are literally a stone age tribe
  • The Yanomamo have never discovered the wheel
  • The only metal that the people use is that which has been traded with them from outsiders
  • Their numbering system is one, two, and more than two
  • The tribe cremates their dead, and crushes and drinks the bones in a ceremony intended to keep their loved ones with them forever
tupi tribe
Tupi Tribe
  • The Tupi tribe was believed to occupy the Amazon rainforest and later migrated to the Atlantic coast
  • Tupi tribes often fought amongst themselves because there was no unified Tupi identity
  • The Tupi tribe practiced cannibalism as a ritual after war
  • The Tupi captured enemies and ate them because they believed that they were absorbing the strength of that enemy
tapirap tribe
Tapirapé Tribe
  • The tribe lives deep in the Amazon rainforest
  • The Tapirapé tribe lived off of a slash and burn horiculture, plots of land were only planted once or twice before another patch was cleared
  • The Tapirapé people have a strict population control policy
  • No couple could have more than three children, and not more than two of the same gender
  • This was because of the logic that estimated that no man could support more than three children
  • Any extra children were immediately killed
mats s or mayoruna tribe
Matsés or Mayoruna Tribe
  • This tribe inhabits the Peruvian and Brazilian Amazon
  • The Mayoruna people believe that there is no distinction between the spiritual and physical world
  • The people often practice polygamy (more than one partner) and cross-cousin marriages are common
  • Bows and arrows are the most common weapons, but are only used for hunting
  • Mayoruna people historically used blowguns, but recently abandoned them in favor of archery