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World War I “The Great War”. 1914-1918. REVIEW!. MAIN Archduke Franz Ferdinand shot June 28 th , 1914 Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia a month later Russia defends Serbia Alliance system holds all out war. Two Front War.

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Presentation Transcript
review
REVIEW!
  • MAIN
  • Archduke Franz Ferdinand shot June 28th, 1914
    • Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia a month later
    • Russia defends Serbia
    • Alliance system holds
      • all out war
two front war
Two Front War
  • Germany, the real power of the Central Powers, wants to avoid a two front war
  • Schlieffen Plan: beat France, then take on Russia
  • Failstrench warfare
bloody stalemate
Bloody Stalemate
  • Many on both sides thought war would end by Christmas
  • Battle of the Marne (Sept. 1914): Pushes German offensive back
key battles
Key Battles
  • Battle of Verdun: longest battle of War, French lost 550,000
  • Battle of the Somme: consumed nearly 620,000 causalities in four months, tanks introduced
  • Gallipoli Campaign: in the Balkans
    • intended to supply

Russians, failed

usa help
USA HELP!!!!
  • Allies desperate for US aid
  • US declares war on April 6th, 1917; joins allies
  • See ya Russians!
    • Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, 1918
don t forget japan
Don’t forget Japan…
  • Originally join Allied Powers in 1914
  • Job: keep German fleet occupied in Pacific
  • Germany focuses on Europe; Japan scoops up territory in Pacific…..
    • Think WWII???????
end of fighting
End of Fighting
  • John J. Pershing, Commander of American Expeditionary Forces
    • Marshall Ferdinand Foch French commander
  • 2nd Battle of the Marne (March 1918): Germans push to within 50 miles of Paris
  • Battle of Chateau-ThierryUS troops save Paris
  • Allied Summer Offensive 1918
    • Battle of Argonne Forest, end of Central Powers
  • November 11th, 1918 Cease-fire
bloodiest war in history
“Bloodiest War in History”
  • Allied causalities:
    • 5.1 million KIA
    • 12.8 million wounded
    • 4.1 million MIA
  • Central Powers causalities:
    • 3.3 million KIA
    • 8.3 million wounded
    • 3.6 MIA
  • Civilian causalities (famine, bombing, massacres, flu)
    • 14.7 million