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Carl Linnaeus

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  1. Carl Linnaeus (1707-1778) Father of Classification and Taxonomy

  2. Carl Linnaeus – Background • Born on May 23, 1707, in Sweden.

  3. Carl Linnaeus – Background • Born on May 23, 1707, in Sweden. • His father was a gardener and a pastor.

  4. Carl Linnaeus – Background • Born on May 23, 1707, in Sweden. • His father was a gardener and a pastor. • His father taught him Latin, religion, and geography until he was seven years old.

  5. Carl Linnaeus – Finding his Mission • Carl showed a deep love of plants and a fascination with their names from a very early age.

  6. Carl Linnaeus – Finding his Mission • He attended college to study to become a doctor.

  7. Carl Linnaeus – Finding his Mission • He attended college to study to become a doctor. • Learning about plants was part of learning to be a doctor.

  8. Carl Linnaeus – Finding his Mission • He attended college to study to become a doctor. • Learning about plants was part of learning to be a doctor. • He liked studying plants more than studying medicine.

  9. The Beginnings of an Organized Classification of Living Things • From 1740 -1770, Carl was sent on several journeys throughout Sweden and northern Europe to find and classify plants and animals.

  10. Questions for you…. • Can you find Europe on this world map? • What was happening in other parts of the world in the late 1700’s?

  11. The Beginnings of an Organized Classification of Living Things • As he collected and classified animals, plants and minerals, Carl made careful records. He published several books to share his learning.

  12. Original Taxonomy of Animals • 6 Categories:

  13. Classification of Animals • After doing a great deal of observation and recording, Carl Linnaeus sorted his findings and created a way to organize plants and a way to organize animals for others to study and to discuss them.

  14. Classification of Animals • After doing a great deal of observation and recording, Carl Linnaeus sorted his findings and created a way to organize plants and a way to organize animals for others to study and to discuss them. • What follows are his original ideas on classifying animals.

  15. Original Taxonomy of Animals • 6 Categories:

  16. Original Taxonomy of Animals • 6 Categories: • Classis 1. MAMMALIA

  17. Original Taxonomy of Animals • 6 Categories: • Classis 1. MAMMALIA (Mammals)

  18. Original Taxonomy of Animals • 6 Categories: • Classis 1. MAMMALIA (Mammals) • Classis 2. AVES

  19. Original Taxonomy of Animals • 6 Categories: • Classis 1. MAMMALIA (Mammals) • Classis 2. AVES (Birds)

  20. Original Taxonomy of Animals • 6 Categories: • Classis 1. MAMMALIA (Mammals) • Classis 2. AVES (Birds) • Classis 3. AMPHIBIA

  21. Original Taxonomy of Animals • 6 Categories: • Classis 1. MAMMALIA (Mammals) • Classis 2. AVES (Birds) • Classis 3. AMPHIBIA (Amphibians)

  22. Original Taxonomy of Animals • 6 Categories: • Classis 1. MAMMALIA (Mammals) • Classis 2. AVES (Birds) • Classis 3. AMPHIBIA (Amphibians) • Classis 4. PISCES

  23. Original Taxonomy of Animals • 6 Categories: • Classis 1. MAMMALIA (Mammals) • Classis 2. AVES (Birds) • Classis 3. AMPHIBIA (Amphibians) • Classis 4. PISCES (Fish)

  24. Original Taxonomy of Animals • 6 Categories: • Classis 1. MAMMALIA (Mammals) • Classis 2. AVES (Birds) • Classis 3. AMPHIBIA (Amphibians) • Classis 4. PISCES (Fish) • Classis 5. INSECTA

  25. Original Taxonomy of Animals • 6 Categories: • Classis 1. MAMMALIA (Mammals) • Classis 2. AVES (Birds) • Classis 3. AMPHIBIA (Amphibians) • Classis 4. PISCES (Fish) • Classis 5. INSECTA (Insects)

  26. Original Taxonomy of Animals • 6 Categories: • Classis 1. MAMMALIA (Mammals) • Classis 2. AVES (Birds) • Classis 3. AMPHIBIA (Amphibians) • Classis 4. PISCES (Fish) • Classis 5. INSECTA (Insects) • Classis 6. VERMES

  27. Original Taxonomy of Animals • 6 Categories: • Classis 1. MAMMALIA (Mammals) • Classis 2. AVES (Birds) • Classis 3. AMPHIBIA (Amphibians) • Classis 4. PISCES (Fish) • Classis 5. INSECTA (Insects) • Classis 6. VERMES (Miscellaneous)

  28. Carl then took the general categories of animals and broke them down into even smaller categories like this:

  29. Taxonomy of Animals • Kingdom

  30. Taxonomy of Animals • Kingdom • Phylum

  31. Taxonomy of Animals • Kingdom • Phylum • Class

  32. Taxonomy of Animals • Kingdom • Phylum • Class • Order

  33. Taxonomy of Animals • Kingdom • Phylum • Class • Order • Family

  34. Taxonomy of Animals • Kingdom • Phylum • Class • Order • Family • Genus

  35. Taxonomy of Animals • Kingdom • Phylum • Class • Order • Family • Genus • Species

  36. Taxonomy of Animals • Kingdom • Phylum • Class • Order • Family • Genus • Species (Here’s a way to remember the order: Keep Pond Clean Or Frogs Get Sick)

  37. Taxonomy of Animals • Now let’s look at how this taxonomy (organized arrangement) works with one animal you probably know. See if you can figure out the animal before you get to the “species” level which tells you the common name of the animal.

  38. Taxonomy of Animals • Kingdom – Animal • Phylum • Class • Order • Family • Genus • Species

  39. Taxonomy of Animals • Kingdom – Animal, Plant, Mineral • Phylum - Vertebrate (Chordata) • Class • Order • Family • Genus • Species

  40. Taxonomy of Animals • Kingdom – Animal, Plant, Mineral • Phylum - Vertebrate (Chordata) • Class - Mammalia • Order • Family • Genus • Species

  41. Taxonomy of Animals • Kingdom – Animal, Plant, Mineral • Phylum - Vertebrate (Chordata) • Class - Mammalia • Order - Carnivora • Family • Genus • Species

  42. Taxonomy of Animals • Kingdom – Animal, Plant, Mineral • Phylum - Vertebrate (Chordata) • Class - Mammalia • Order - Carnivora • Family - Canidae • Genus • Species

  43. Taxonomy of Animals • Kingdom – Animal, Plant, Mineral • Phylum - Vertebrate (Chordata) • Class - Mammalia • Order - Carnivora • Family - Canidae • Genus - Canis • Species

  44. Taxonomy of Animals • Kingdom – Animal, Plant, Mineral • Phylum - Vertebrate (Chordata) • Class - Mammalia • Order - Carnivora • Family - Canidae • Genus - Canis • Species - C. lupus (wolves and dogs)

  45. Taxonomy of Animals • Did you figure out that the animal was a dog? • During the record portion of your lesson you will choose an animal and research to find out its full taxonomy and official name.

  46. Taxonomy of Animals The official name for a wolf or dog is C. lupus.

  47. Many people were greatly influenced by the work of Carl Linnaeus. Here are some of their comments:

  48. Comments from other great minds: “Tell him I know no greater man on earth.” ~ Jean-Jacques Rousseau

  49. Comments from other great minds: "With the exception of Shakespeare and Spinoza, I know no one among the no longer living who has influenced me more strongly.“ ~Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

  50. Carl Linnaeus was known by others, and he also was a man who knew God. “The Earth's creation is the glory of God, as seen from the works of Nature by Man alone. The study of nature would reveal the Divine Order of God's creation, and it was the naturalist's task to construct a ‘natural classification’ that would reveal this Order in the universe.” ~ Carl Linneaus