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Carl Linnaeus. (1707-1778) . Father of Classification and Taxonomy. Carl Linnaeus – Background. He was b orn on May 23, 1707, in Sweden. His father was a gardener and a pastor. His father taught him Latin, religion, and geography at home until he was seven years old. Carl’s birthplace.

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Carl linnaeus

Carl Linnaeus

(1707-1778)

Father of Classification and Taxonomy


Carl linnaeus background
Carl Linnaeus – Background

  • He was born on May 23, 1707, in Sweden.

  • His father was a gardener and a pastor.

  • His father taught him Latin, religion, and geography at home until he was seven years old.

Carl’s birthplace


Carl linnaeus finding his mission
Carl Linnaeus – Finding his Mission

  • Carl showed a deep love of plants and a fascination with their names from a very early age.


Carl linnaeus finding his mission1
Carl Linnaeus – Finding his Mission

  • He attended college to study to become a doctor.

  • Learning about plants was part of learning to be a doctor.

  • He liked studying plants more than studying medicine.


The beginnings of an organized classification of living things
The Beginnings of an Organized Classification of Living Things

  • From 1740 -1770, Carl was sent on several journeys throughout Sweden and northern Europe to find and classify plants and animals.


Question for you
Question Thingsfor you….

  • Can you find Europe on this world map?


The beginnings of an organized classification of living things1
The Beginnings of an Organized Classification of Living Things

  • As he collected and classified animals, plants and minerals, Carl made careful records. He published several books to share his learning.


Classification of animals
Classification of Animals Things

  • As a result of doing a great deal of observation and recording, Carl Linnaeus sorted his findings and created a way to organize plants and a way to organize animals for others to study and to discuss them.

  • What follows are his original ideas on classifying animals.


Original taxonomy of animals
Original Taxonomy of Animals Things

  • Linnaeus created 6 Categories:

  • Classis 1. MAMMALIAWhat is that? (Mammals)

  • Classis 2. AVESWhat is that? (Birds)

  • Classis 3. AMPHIBIAWhat is that? (Amphibians)

  • Classis 4. PISCESWhat is that? (Fish)

  • Classis 5. INSECTAWhat is that? (Insects)

  • Classis 6. VERMESWhat is that? (Everything else)


Original taxonomy of animals1
Original Taxonomy of Animals Things

  • Linnaeus created 6 Categories:

  • Classis 1. MAMMALIA

  • Classis 2. AVES

  • Classis 3. AMPHIBIA

  • Classis 4. PISCES

  • Classis 5. INSECTA

  • Classis 6. VERMES

What is that?

What is that?

What is that?

What is that?

What is that?

What is that?

(Mammals)

(Birds)

(Amphibians)

(Fish)

(Insects)

(Everything else)


  • Linnaeus Thingsthen took the general categories of animals and broke them down into even smaller categories like this:


Taxonomy of animals
Taxonomy of Animals Things

  • Kingdom

    • Phylum

      • Class

        • Order

          • Family

            • Genus

              • Species


Taxonomy of animals1
Taxonomy of Animals Things

  • Now let’s look at how this taxonomy (organized arrangement) works with one animal you are familiar with.


Taxonomy of animals2
Taxonomy of Animals Things

  • Kingdom - Animal

    • Phylum - Chordata (vertebrate)

      • Class – Mammalia (mammal)

        • Order – Carnivora (meat eater)

          • Family - Canidae (dogs, wolves, foxes, etc.)

            • Genus – Canis(7 – 10 species of a family that includes dogs, wolves, dingos, and coyotes)

              • Species - C. lupus (wolves and dogs)


Taxonomy of animals3
Taxonomy of Animals Things

The official name for a wolf or dog is

C. lupus.


Many people were greatly influenced by the work of Carl Linnaeus. Here are some of their comments:


Tributes from other great minds
Tributes Linnaeus. Here are some of their comments:from other great minds:

“Tell him I know no greater man on earth.”

~ Jean-Jacques Rousseau


Tributes from other great minds1
Tributes from other great minds: Linnaeus. Here are some of their comments:

"With the exception of Shakespeare and Spinoza, I know no one among the no longer living who has influenced me more strongly.“

~ Johann Wolfgang von Goethe


Carl linnaeus was known by others and he also was a man who knew god
Carl Linnaeus was known by others, and he also was a man who knew God.

“The Earth's creation is the glory of God, as seen from the works of Nature by Man alone. The study of nature would reveal the Divine Order of God's creation, and it was the naturalist's task to construct a ‘natural classification’ that would reveal this Order in the universe.”

~ Carl Linneaus


What carl linneaus left behind
What Carl knew God.Linneaus Left Behind

  • In 1783 Carl died and Sara, his wife, inherited his life’s collections which included:

  • 14,000 plants,

  • 3,198 insects,

  • 1,564 shells,

  • about 3,000 letters,

  • and 1,600 books,

  • and a great deal of new knowledge about plants and animals.


Carl linnaeus 1707 1778
Carl Linnaeus (1707-1778) knew God.

His system for naming, ranking, and classifying organisms is still in wide use today, with a few changes. His ideas on classification have influenced generations of biologists during and after his own lifetime.

All photos and information from Wikipedia and Microsoft Office


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