Seasonings • Ingredients that are used in small amounts to flavor foods • It is typically the smallest measurement in a recipe • What is the most popular seasoning?
Herbs • Herbs - Flavorful leaves and stems of soft plants
Spices • Spices - dried buds, bark, fruits, seeds, stems and roots of aromatic plants and trees
When Using Herbs and Spices, Remember… 1. Recipe’s use dry herbs 2. Begin with a few basic herbs and spices 3. They vary in strength
When Using Herbs and Spices, Remember… 4. Herbs are more potent dried than fresh 5. Wash fresh herbs, use stems that are soft and leaves
When Using Herbs and Spices, Remember… 6. To release flavor, crush dried leaf herbs 7. In hot foods, add at least 10 min. before end of cooking time 8. In cold foods, add at least 30 min. before serving
Spices • Cardamom • Ginger • Nutmeg • Pepper • Allspice
Cumin • Chili Powder • Cinnamon • Garlic • Anise • Paprika Spices Cont.
Storing Spices • Store the dried forms in a cool dark place in a tightly closed container • Ground spices hold their flavor for about 1 year • Whole spices last much longer, some for several years
Herbs • Mint • Dill • Oregano • Rosemary
Herbs Cont. • Chives • Thyme • Cilantro • Basil • Parsley
Buying and Storing Herbs • Look for bright color with no wilting, browning or damage • Keeps for five days in fridge in sealed, airtight container
Buying and Storing Herbs • Can freeze flat on baking sheet overnight and then move to baggie • Dry them to make crushed/powdered herbs