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1. Intro to Energy. EQ: How does the use of renewable and nonrenewable resources affect our ongoing energy crisis? LT: I can explain how the depletion of nonrenewable resources affects research into renewable resources. POU: I will identify 2 renewable and 2 nonrenewable resources.

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1 intro to energy
1. Intro to Energy
  • EQ: How does the use of renewable and nonrenewable resources affect our ongoing energy crisis?LT: I can explain how the depletion of nonrenewable resources affects research into renewable resources.POU: I will identify 2 renewable and 2 nonrenewable resources.
  • Intro to Energy PPT
warm up 1 22 14
Warm Up 1/22/14

Voices are at “0”

  • Copy down the Learning Target and POUs from the whiteboard.
  • Think about it – where does the energy for your cell phone come from?
3 rd quarter table of contents 1
3rd Quarter Table of Contents 1

Title Assignment #

Alternative Energy Notes (several pages) 2

what is electricity
What is Electricity?

Electricity is energy transported by

the motion of electrons

**We do not make electricity, we CONVERT other energy sources into electrical energy**

Conversion is the name of the game

KidWind Project | www.kidwind.org

electricity
Electricity!

More efficient light bulbs are great, but what is the BEST way to conserve electricity and reduce our consumption of fossil fuels???

TURN IT OFF!!!

Be conscious of your energy choices!

  • What about this 25 Watt CFL light bulb, which produces the same amount of light?
  • How much would it cost to run this 100 Watt bulb for a full day (24 hrs)?
  • 100 Watts x 24 hours = 2400 Watt Hours (2400 Watt Hours = 2.4 Kilowatt Hours)
  • 25 Watts x 24 hours = 600 Watt Hours (600 Watt Hours = 0.6 Kilowatt Hours)
  • 2.4 kWh x $0.08/kWh = $0.19
  • 0.6 kWh x $0.08/kWh = $0.05
where do we get our electricity
Where do we get our electricity?

KidWind Project | www.kidwind.org

brainpop energy sources 2 time 3 50 minutes
Brainpop: Energy Sources 2 Time 3:50 minutes
  • Watch video (No notes)
  • Watch video (2x) (Take notes)
  • Title: Energy Sources Summary
    • Number your paper #1-10
    • Beside Number 1, write one or two words to summarize the video
    • # 2-10 write Supporting/ Connection words
      • Try to limit these to a single word or at most two
alternative energy notes 2 jigsaw reading
Alternative Energy Notes 2Jigsaw Reading
  • Each group member take a section of the reading on Energy
  • Read Silently then write facts from your section on a sheet of loose leaf paper. Include Reading #, Type of Resource (Renewable or Non Renewable, AND Definitions, Advantages, & Disadvantages)
  • When time is called, share your info with your group.
  • When you are finished you should have notes from 4 readings.
make connections
Make Connections
  • In you lab groups, share your connection words
  • Write a final summary sentence:

Now I know the most important things about energy sources are ..……. because………..

brainpop energy sources
Brainpop: Energy Sources

Energizer – We will go over the quiz question by marching or waving hands

  • We will slash the trash for 2 answers
  • Then you will Silently make a decision about the other two by either marching in place or waving your hands
slide14

Solar Energy Basics

Joe Rand

KidWind Project

joe@kidwind.org

solar energy a bright idea
Solar Energy – A Bright Idea!

“I’d put my money on the sun and solar energy. What a source of power! I hope we don’t have to wait ‘til oil and coal run out before we tackle that.”

- Thomas Edison

people have been harnessing solar energy for a long time
People have been harnessing solar energy for a long time!

Solar collector for

heating water

A home in California in 1906

two main categories
Two Main Categories:

Solar Thermal

Solar Photovoltaic (PV)

Water heating and cooking

Electricity production

benefits of solar cooking
Benefits of Solar Cooking
  • Consumes no fuels/wood
    • No loss of trees & habitat
    • Trees sequester carbon
  • Generates no air pollution
  • Generates no greenhouse gases
  • Produces no smoke
    • Cooking smoke kills over 1.6 million people each year, mostly women & children, according to a recent report
  • Eliminates fire dangers
more benefits of solar cooking
More Benefits of Solar Cooking
  • Eliminates work
    • No daily search for firewood
      • 2 Billion people rely on wood for cooking fuel!
    • No risks to women and children
    • Frees time for other activities
    • No need to stir food
    • Helps to liberate women
more benefits of solar cooking1
More Benefits of Solar Cooking
  • Cooks foods slowly and thoroughly
  • Preserves nutrients
  • Foods will not burn
  • Pots are easy to clean; less clean water is needed
  • Use for canning vegetables
  • Use for dried fruit
  • Kill insects in dry grains
solar cooking how long does it take
Solar CookingHow Long Does it Take?
  • Vegetables: 1.5 hrs
  • Rice/wheat: 1.5-2 hrs
  • Beans: 2-3 hrs
  • Meats: 1-3 hrs
  • Bread: 1-1.5 hrs
solar water heating
Solar Water Heating
  • Solar water heating is the most efficient and economical use of solar energy
  • Residential systems start at $2500 and typically cost $3500-$4500 installed
  • Savings of $30-$75 per month, lasting 20 years
  • Tax credits and state rebates available
solar electric systems
Solar Electric Systems
  • Photovoltaic (PV) systems convert light energy directly into electricity.
  • Commonly known as “solar cells.”
  • The simplest systems power the small calculators we use every day. More complicated systems will provide a large portion of the electricity in the near future.
  • PV represents one of the most promising means of maintaining our energy intensive standard of living while not contributing to global warming and pollution.
how does it work
How Does it Work?
  • Sunlight is composed of photons, or bundles of radiant energy. When photons strike a PV cell, they may be reflected or absorbed (transmitted through the cell). Only the absorbed photons generate electricity. When the photons are absorbed, the energy of the photons is transferred to electrons in the atoms of the solar cell.
best place for solar panels
Best Place For Solar Panels?
  • South Facing roof, adequate space
  • No shading (time of year, future tree growth)
  • Roof structure, condition
large scale pv power plants

Large Scale PV Power Plants

Prescott AirportLocation: AZOperator: Arizona Public ServiceConfiguration: 1,450 kWp

SGS SolarLocation: AZOperator: Tucson Electric Power CoConfiguration: 3,200 kWp

slide32

ROXBORO, N.C. – A five-acre solar farm built by Durham-based Carolina Solar Energy in Person County is now online and feeding power to the grid of Progress Energy.The complex is expected to produce 837,000 kilowatt-hours of energy in the first year, enough for some 60 households based on an average annual usage of 14,000 kilowatt hours.Progress Energy is buying the power from Carolina Solar, which owns and operate the farm. The complex is located at the Person County Business and Industrial Center.Financial terms of the agreement have not been disclosed.Progress Energy is acquiring power from three solar farms, including one at SAS headquarters in Cary.State law requires Progress and other utilities to begin producing power from renewable sources. Progress Energy is exploring solar, wind, biowaste and other options to produce power from renewable sources. By 2012, companies have to get 3.5 percent of all retail sales from so-called renewables. The requirement jumps to 12.5 percent by 2021.Duke Energy is also involved in numerous solar and wind projects.

centralized wind solar hybrid system
Centralized Wind-Solar Hybrid System
  • In hybrid energy systems more than a single source of energy supplies the electricity.
  • Wind and Solar compliment one another
demo how does the color wavelength of light affect pv efficiency
Demo: How Does the Color/Wavelength of Light Affect PV Efficiency?
  • Test 5-8 colors using different backgrounds on PowerPoint Slides
    • Purple
    • Blue
    • Green
    • Yellow
    • Orange
    • Red
    • White