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Workers Endure Hardships. Created by: Imani Earley , Jaquastia Watford, Antonio Powell, and Nicholas Forward. Working Conditions in Factories. Immigrants made up a large percentage of the work force. They worked many hard hours on machines and making mass-produced items.

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workers endure hardships

Workers Endure Hardships

Created by: ImaniEarley, Jaquastia Watford, Antonio Powell, and Nicholas Forward

working conditions in factories
Working Conditions in Factories
  • Immigrants made up a large percentage of the work force.
  • They worked many hard hours on machines and making mass-produced items.
  • Worked for low wages, had to clock in and out of work, even on break hours. If they disobeyed the rules they would be fined.
  • The workers had to work at a certain speed.
  • Working in the factory was often dangerous. The factories were poorly lit, often overheated, and badly ventilated.
families in the workforce
Families in the Workforce
  • As industrialization advanced, more jobs opened up for women.
  • Women worked as laundresses, telegraph operators, and typists.
  • However, most women, and their families, worked in factories.
  • The children went to work with their parents so they wouldn’t be on the streets.
  • The kids could earned a wage by going with parents, and their wage helped their family to survive.
families in the workforce cont
Families in the Workforce cont.
  • By the end of the 1800’s, nearly one in five children between the ages of 10 and 16 worked rather than attending school.
  • Conditions were really harsh for these children.
  • Many children suffered stunted physical and mental growth.
  • By the 1890s, social workers began to lobby to get children out of factories and into child care or schools.
  • Eventually their efforts prompted states to pass legislation to stop child labor.
factory company towns
Factory/Company Towns
  • Many laborers, especially those who worked in mines were forced to live in isolated communities near their workplaces.
  • Housing in these communities, known as company towns, were owned by the business and rented out to employees.
  • Company Towns- communities whose residents rely upon one company for jobs, houses, and shopping.
factory company towns cont
Factory/Company Towns cont.
  • The employer also controlled the “company store,” where workers were forced to buy goods.
  • The company store sold goods on credit but charged high interest. As a result, by the time the worker received wages, most of the income was owed back to the employer.
  • Employers reinforced ethnic competition, and distrust. For example, Mexican, African-American, or Chinese workers could be segregated in separate towns.
works cited
Works Cited