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The Rise of Big Business. Topics to be covered: Developing the Role of Big Business Workers Endure Hardships. Developing the Role Of Big Business. Robber Barons & Captains of Industry. The era of industrialization was driven by a few great men labeled as industrialists.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

The Rise of Big Business

  • Topics to be covered:
  • Developing the Role of Big Business
  • Workers Endure Hardships
slide2

Developing the Role

Of Big Business

slide3

Robber Barons &

Captains of Industry

  • The era of industrialization was driven by a few great men labeled as industrialists.
  • Some of these industrialists included:
    • Andrew Carnegie
    • John D. Rockefeller
    • Cornelius Vanderbilt
    • J.P. Morgan
  • Their number one motive was wealth.
  • Some believe these people should be referred to as “robber barons”, while others believed they should be referred to as “captains of industry”.
slide4

Robber Barons

  • This term portrayed the industrialists as ruthless, cruel businessmen who would let nothing stand in their way of achieving great wealth.
  • They were accused of misusing workers and forcing awful working environments upon the laborer.
slide6

Captains of Industry

  • This term portrayed the industrialists as resourceful and productive leaders who changed the American economy with their business skills.
  • They were commended for their skills.
slide7

Robber Baron orCaptain of Industry?

  • J.P. Morgan
  • *He was one of the most powerful banking houses in the country, he helped the railroad industry recover, and made a fortune in railroads.
  • *Robber Baron
slide8

Social Darwinism

  • Social Darwinism is an evolutional theory about stating, that only the strongest and fittest should survive and flourish in society, and the weak and unfit should be left to die.
  • It was present in factory life because if you died while working that means you were unfit to work in that society and you were left to die.
slide9

Charles Darwin

  • February 12, 1809 – April 19, 1882
  • He was an English naturalist
  • He developed the theory of Social Darwinism, which many people accepted.
slide11

Working Conditions

In Factories of the 1800s

  • The conditions were pretty harsh, the factories were overcrowded, dark, dirty, and dangerous.
  • Some of the machinery was dangerous to handle.
  • Most of the workers didn’t even have protective gear to wear.
slide12

Factory Life

  • Many Americans worked 70 hours or more per week, and most of those people started before the age of 7.
  • Everyone knew at least 5 people working in these factories because so many people worked in them.
  • The average wage earned was $16 a week, and some of them made less than that.
slide13

Sweatshops

  • Sweatshops were poorly lit and ventilated rooms where seamstresses sat side by side doing piece work.
  • The cloth would be piled high and the workers wouldn’t be allowed to talk.
  • If their job wasn’t completed they wouldn’t get paid.
role of women role of children physical effects on people

Families in the

Workplace

-role of women

-role of children

-physical effects on people

slide15

Role of Women

  • Women had to work in factories
  • They were forced to work for little to no pay
  • Worked in a building a with horrible conditions (unsanitary)
  • Women had to work full days.
  • Women found jobs in domestic service, textile factories, and piece workshops. (sometimes coal mines)
slide16

Role of Children

  • Children as young as 6 years old worked hard hours for little or no pay.
  • Children worked up to 19 hours a day, with a 1 hour total break.
  • Worked in horrible conditions (large, heavy, and dangerous equipment).
  • After 1833 children were paid only a fraction of what an adult got.
  • Children orphans were subject to slave-like labor.
  • They’re pay was food, shelter, and clothing.
slide17

Role of Children Cont.

  • Children got treated cruel.
  • They’re safety was neglected.
  • People who served the children would abuse them
  • Boys were dragged naked from their beds and sent to factories only holding there clothes to be put on there.
slide18

Physical Effects on

People

  • In some factories they used a the chemical phosphorous, which could cause their teeth to rot and some died from breathing it into their lungs.
  • The health conditions in the factories were low so people easily caught diseases and died.
  • There were also some machine accidents at times and people faced the risk of losing a limb or possibly their life.
slide19

Factory/Company

towns

  • The company town was an economic institution that was part of the market for labor.
  • The first large scale industrial community was in Lowell, Massachusetts, and it began in post revolutionary eastern US with textile mills.
  • Today’s company towns are neither utopian nor exploitive.
slide20

Way of life

  • In the Lowell Mill Company Towns, like most others, the workers were told how to dress, how to act, when to speak properly, and they had a curfew.
  • They were also told how to conduct themselves in public, and when to go to church.