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Chapter 11. The Civil War and Reconstruction - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Chapter 11. The Civil War and Reconstruction. February , 2014 Pg. 109. Reasons for the Civil War. Civil War : is a fight between different groups of people in the same country. Secede : to leave Some reason for the civil war :

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reasons for the civil war
Reasonsforthe Civil War
  • Civil War: is a fightbetweendifferentgroups of people in thesame country.
  • Secede: to leave
  • Somereasonforthe civil war:
    • President Lincoln and otherNorthernswanted to endslavery, people in the South saidcotton depended onslavery. Theybelievedthatwithoutcottontheirway of living and culture wouldend.
    • Southernsbelievedthatthegovernment of the USA didn´thavetheright to tellthemhowtheyshouldlive.
the southern states secede
TheSouthernStatesSecede
  • By March, 1861, sevenSouthernstateshadseceded. Thesesevenstatesformed a new nationscalledtheConfederateStates of America.
  • TheNorthernstatescalledthemselvestheUnion.
the civil war begins
The Civil WarBegins
  • TherewereUnionfortsonConfederateland, and theSouthernstateswanted to takeovertheforts. Charleston, South Carolina, wanted to takeover Fort Sumter, whichwas in thecity´sharbor. Thesoldiers in thefortwerealmostout of food and water. President Lincoln sentthemsupplies.
  • The South had to decide, shouldtheConfederatestatesletthemleavethesupplies in orattackthefort. OnApril 12, 1861, cannonsfromthecity of Charleston firedonthefort. Thewarhadbegun.
the south has e arly success and problems
The South has EarlySuccess and Problems
  • BoththeUnion and theConfederatestatesthoughtthewarwould be short. Eachthoughttheothersidewouldgive up afteroneortwodefeats, orlosses. Thewarlastedfouryears.
  • The South won more battles. OnereasonforthiswasthattheSoutherngenerals, such as Robert E. Lee and Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson, wereverygoodgenerals.
slide6

Troops: group of soldiers

  • Someproblemsthe South hadduringthe Civil War:
    • Didn´thaveenoughmen to fight.
    • SomeConfederatetroopsmarchedbarefoot, becausetheycouldnotgetshoes.
    • Theycouldn´tgetsuppliesfromEuropebecausetheNorthernhad placed warshipsallalongthecoastline of the South.
    • Southernersalmoststarvedbecause of thetransportationproblems.
transportation in the south
Transportation in the South
  • The South had more transportationproblemsthanthe North. Roads in the South werenot as good as roads in the North.
  • The South didnothave as manylakes and canalsthatcould be usedforshipping, and mostimportanttheydidnothave as goodrailroadsystem as the North.
the emancipation proclamation
TheEmancipationProclamation
  • In September 1862, theUnionArmydefeatedthe South at theBattle of Antietam in Maryland. TheUnion won, thiswasanimportantvictoryforthem.
  • OnJanuary 1, 1863, thePresidentsignedtheEmancipationProclamation. ThiswasanorderthatpromisedthatNorthernarmieswould free slaves in theConfederatestates.
  • TheProclamationalsoorderedthe use of African American troops in theUnionArmy.
a war weary land
A War-WearyLand
  • OnJuly 1, 1863, a three-daybattlebegan at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. Bytheend of thebattle, General Lee´sConfederateArmywasveryweak.
  • Thefightingcontinuedfortwo more years. ItwasuntilApril 9, 1865, that General Lee surrendered to General Grant. The Civil Warwasfinallyover.
after the war
AftertheWar
  • The Civil Warkeptthe South fromleavingtheUnitedStates. Italsoputanend to slavery, butthousands of Americanshadbeenkilled and wounded. Cities and townswereburned to theground and factories and farmsweredestroyed.
  • President Lincoln saidthenationwaslike a woundedsoldier. Itswas time “to bind up thenation´swounds”. Bind up means to close.
a troubled time
A Troubled Time
  • Theyearsbetween 1865 ad 1877 are calledReconstruction. Duringthis time thenationtried to solvetheproblemscreatedbythe Civil War.
  • President Abraham Licncolndidnotlive to seeReconstruction. Onlyfivedaysafterthewarwasover, Abraham Lincoln wasshot and killed.
  • TheCongresspassed a lawthatpeoplecouldnot vote orgoverniftheyhadbeenpart of theConfederategovernment.
free but not equal
Free butnotEqual
  • ThereweremanyproblemsforAfricanAmericansfollowingthewar. Southernersmadelawscalled Black Codes. Theirpurposewas to keepAfricanAmericansfromhavingthesamefreedoms as otherpeople.
  • AfricanAmericanswerepoor, fewhadmoney to buyland. Many of themwent to workforotherpeople. ManyAfricanAmericansrentedlandfromfarmers. Theywerecalledsharecroppersbecausetheypaidtheirrentwith a share of theircrops.