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What is World View?. How should I as a Christian view the world?. World View. The central assumptions, concepts, and premises that or more or less shared by the members of a culture or subculture which … Are presumed to be true without prior proof or logical reasoning

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what is world view

What is World View?

How should I as a Christian view the world?

world view
World View
  • The central assumptions, concepts, and premises that or more or less shared by the members of a culture or subculture which …
    • Are presumed to be true without prior proof or logical reasoning
    • Allow people to interpret their life experiences
    • Integrate life experiences into an explanatory whole
world view ronald nash
World View—Ronald Nash
  • “… a worldview is a set of beliefs about the most important issues in life.”
  • A worldview is a conceptual scheme by which we consciously or unconsciously place or fit everything we believe and by which we interpret and judge reality.
five basic worldview questions
Five Basic Worldview Questions
  • 1. Where are we and what is this place like?
  • 2. Who are we and where are we going?
  • 3. What’s the problem and what is right or wrong?
  • 4. What’s the solution?
  • 5. How do we know?
reality material
Reality? Material
  • Naturalism-The universe as we see it.
    • Atheism-There is no God.
    • Physicalism-Everything is physical.
    • Humanism-Emphasis of humanity’s status, importance, and accomplishments.
    • Existentialism-An attempt to overcome the hopelessness of naturalism by creating one’s own meaning for life.
    • Hedonism-Goal of life as pleasure.
naturalism the universe as we see it
Naturalism: The Universe as We See It
  • The physical universe is the only reality
  • Concerning God: “In the beginning, hydrogen”
  • Borders on scientism: belief that all truth is scientific truth
  • Given rise to atheism, agnosticism, nihilism, existentialism
atheism agnosticism
Atheism, Agnosticism
  • Atheistic scientists in the 19th century were looking for an explanation for the design of the universe. Charles Darwin, Origin of the Species, 1859
  • Agnosticism. Thomas Huxley (1869)
naturalism
Naturalism
  • Concerning Humanity
    • From the dust, no breath of God
    • Herbert Spencer: human mind is the end product of the evolution of the nervous system
    • Morality is the result of social convention
nihilism
Nihilism
  • Nagel: “Human destiny is an episode between two oblivions.”
  • Latin Nihil: “nothing”
  • Leads to despair. Attempts to overcome despair:
    • Existentialism. Every person creates their own meaning for life.
    • Hedonism: goal of life is pleasure, fun
reality spiritual
Reality? Spiritual
  • Transcendentalism
    • Pantheism-All existence constitutes a unity that is divine.
    • Animism-Principle organic material that possesses spiritual material.
    • Panpsychism-All objects have minds or conscious aspects.
    • Polytheism-Belief in multiple gods.
transcendentalism the world as we want it
Transcendentalism: The World as We want It
  • The currents of the Universal Being circulate through me; I am part or parcel of God
  • Hinduism, Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism, Hare Krishna, Baha’ism, Christian Science, Unity School of Christianity, New Age
transcendentalism
Transcendentalism
  • Concerning God
    • All things are a unified whole (monism)
    • Everything that exists came from the same “stuff”
    • Ultimate reality is spiritual or psychic
    • Transcendental God and the Universe are inseparable
    • Not a person being but an impersonal force or principle.
transcendentalism13
Transcendentalism
  • Concerning Humanity
    • We are all divine. Often ignorant of the fact.
    • Until we understand, we cannot escape the prison of incarnation.
    • Truth, salvation, peace, enlightenment are all found within. We must overcome our “ego illusion” through meditation, good works, self-denial, achievement
transcendentalism14
Transcendentalism
  • All approaches have two common elements
    • The need to see the unity of all things
    • The need to actualize the divinity within each person
transcendentalism15
Transcendentalism
  • Popularization of this world view
    • Lack of interest in science and technology in some Eastern countries
    • Ecological “gospel” of saving whale, redwoods, etc. because of our universal “harmony” with all creatures.
    • Animal rights
    • Unity of science and religion
    • $4 billion spent in U.S. on New Age programs in the work place.
reality a personal god
Reality? A Personal God
  • Theism
    • Deism-Belief in God as Creator but not as responsive to human needs or prayers.
    • Finitism
    • Traditional Theism-Belief in the existence of God, who both transcends reality and is immanent in the world.