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Tourism Life Cycle & Doxey Irri-Dex 5 4 3 2 1 Butler's Tourist Area Life Cycle 6 5 4 3 2 1 Butler's Tourist Area Life Cycle 6 Cumulative Causation Butler's Tourist Area Life Cycle This model suggests that there are six stages to the development of tourist area, which are:

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

Tourism Life Cycle

&

Doxey Irri-Dex

slide2

5

4

3

2

1

Butler's Tourist Area Life Cycle

6

slide3

5

4

3

2

1

Butler's Tourist Area Life Cycle

6

Cumulative Causation

slide4

Butler's Tourist Area Life Cycle

This model suggests that there are six stages to the development of tourist area, which are:

Exploration Stage: No specific facilities exist for visitors.

Involvement Stage: Facilities provided primarily by locals. Few tourists.

Development/discovery Stage: Rapid rise in the number of tourists. Local involvement and control declines rapidly. Growth and development is carried out by external organizations and government.

Consolidation Stage: Tourist numbers begin to level off. Major franchises and chains in the tourists industry are prominent.

Stagnation Stage: Growth has ceased and the tourist destination has become "established".

Future Stages: possibilities exist for rejuvenation, stabilization or decline.

slide5

Doxey Irri-dex

Annoyance:

Irritations openly expressed

Residents perceive tourists as the cause of the problems

As a way of measuring local reaction to the development of tourism, Doxey created the following range of feelings that might be experienced by local residents as tourism development takes place.

Antagonism:

Residents misgivings about tourism

Range of saturation points approached

Apathy:

Visitors taken for granted

More formal relationships between hosts & guests

Euphoria:

Visitors & investors welcome

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Doxey Irri-dex

Why would local people feel these emotions at different stages of tourism development?

Annoyance:

Would all destinations and their locals feel the full range of emotions?

Antagonism:

Apathy:

Where on the lifecycle would you expect to find each “feeling”?

Euphoria: