KILLER APES Are We Descended from Killer Apes????? Basic model Humans evolved from murderous apes Murder and violence are deep in our nature First proposed by Raymond Dart Popularized by Robert Ardrey – African Genesis 1961 Hugely popularized by Desmond Morris 1967
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Are We Descended from
1898 - 1888
Dart R.A. (1925):
Australopithecus africanus: the man-ape of South Africa. Nature, 115:195-9.
Note big brain and primitive teeth
Human teeth – small brain
Date 3.3 mya
A. anamensisA. afarensisA. africanusA. garhiA. aethiopicus
Decrease in jutting face
Decrease in brow ridges
Loss of canines
Hunting hypothesis -1960s
1970s – hunting hypothesis fails