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Pronouns. Pronouns take the place of nouns I, we, she, him, them, my, their, whose… Liz drove her car to school. She parked it near the front door. . Case. 1. Subjective case: pronouns used as subject (does an action). Liz announced it was she .

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Pronouns

Pronouns take the place of nouns

I, we, she, him, them, my, their, whose…

Liz drove her car to school. She parked it near the front door.


Pronouns
Case

1. Subjective case: pronouns used as subject (does an action).

Liz announced it was she.

2. Objective case: pronouns used as objects of verbs or prepositions. (action is done to it)Inga decided to help her.

3. Possessive case: pronouns which express ownership.

It seemed to me that Inga

and Liz could do their work.


Identify the pronoun case subjective objective possessive
Identify the pronoun case: subjective, objective, possessive

  • Josie, Mary, and he rode their bikes.

    S

  • That is her book.

    P

  • That is the way Jack told it to me.

    O


Pronoun antecedent
Pronoun antecedent

An antecedent is the word, phrase, or clause to which a pronoun refers.

A pronoun must agree with its antecedent in person, number, and gender.

The man got ready to leave for his vacation.


Each pronoun must agree in number and gender with its antecedent
Each pronoun must agree in number and gender with its antecedent

Joan and her sister ran to catch the plane but they were too late.

Correct the pronoun in this sentence:

The girls took their car to get her brakes fixed.


Correct pronoun antecedent agreement errors
Correct pronoun-antecedent agreement errors antecedent

  • The bat was cracked near his handle.

  • Tom’s favorite toy was her truck.

  • Everyone visited their relatives on Thanksgiving.


When to use who and whoever
When to use who and whoever antecedent

As a subject of a dependent clause

He is the person who I think has outstanding leadership skills.

Give the money to whoever wins.

He is a person who is dedicated to his principles.


When to use whom and whomever
When to use whom and whomever antecedent

As the object of a dependent clause

Voters will elect a person whom they think they can trust.

She is the person for whom I have a great deal of respect.

Give the ticket to whomever the group chooses.


Choose the correct form of who
Choose the correct form of who. antecedent

  • Choose whoever/whomever you want

  • Show the door to whoever/whomever disagrees.

    3. He is the one who/whom we think will give up first.

    4. We don't know who/whom you are talking about.


Pronouns

5. I never met anyone who/whom looked as tired as she/her. antecedent

6. The gameball will be given to whoever/ whomever displays superior sportsmanship.

7. George said he would oppose whoever/ whomever you would appoint as chairperson.