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Prehistoric Andean States. The Moche. Chavín Wall. The Moche. Physical Environment North Valley- 30,000 hectares of irrigable land South Valley- 15,000 hectares of irrigable land Semitropical environment Fauna: parrots, toucans, pumas, iguanas, & boas.

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prehistoric andean states

Prehistoric Andean States

The Moche

Chavín Wall

the moche
The Moche
  • Physical Environment
    • North Valley- 30,000 hectares of irrigable land
    • South Valley- 15,000 hectares of irrigable land
    • Semitropical environment
    • Fauna: parrots, toucans, pumas, iguanas, & boas.
      • Represented in the iconography of pottery vessels
the moche1
The Moche
  • Mode of production
    • Agriculture- Andean crops began by 1800B.C.
    • Coast crops: maize, roots, and tubers, legumes, fruits, cucurbits and chili peppers and cotton. (Plus seafood)
  • Settlement Pattern
    • Cerro Blanco- primary center’s site (Moche capital
      • Huaca del Sol
      • Huaca de la Luna
      • personalized columns or walls per each community who built it
      • Functions of the Huacas
the moche2
The Moche
  • Mode of Reproduction
    • 5,000-20,000 people earliest periods
    • Estimated population= 650,000 people
  • Domestic Economy & Social Organization
    • Wattle-and-daub quinchastructures
    • Two main rooms
    • Evidence of an artisans class
      • Specialized craft production found among states.
      • Figure 9.17 b
the moche3
The Moche

Political Economy

  • Military segmentation for resistance
  • Moche military expansion & conquest
    • HuacaTembladera
    • Centralized power
    • Similar personalized marks as in Huasca del Sol
    • Ruled by Mocheadministratos and elite
    • Moche state imposed style of pottery making, pyramid construction and administrative policies
      • Iconography depicts collection of tribute and P.O.W.s
      • Warfare, conquest and coercive control
the moche4
The Moche
  • Ritual, Leadership, and State Ideology
  • Created a powerful ideology, which permeated
  • P.O.W. were sacrificed and their blood was handed to priests as offerings.
  • Religion as means of social control
lord of sip n
Lord of Sipán
  • Tomb I- largest burial offering of prehispanic vessels ever found
  • Copper bells and backflaps- Decapitator deity
  • Burial included:
    • Hundreds of pottery vessels
    • 2 sacrificed llamas
    • A small child
    • 5 coffins, one warrior missing a his feet
    • Women, all secondary burials from elsewhere not sacrificed there
a model of moche state policy
A Model of Moche State Policy
  • Superstructure
    • Ideology
    • Ritual/leadership
  • Structure
    • Social organization
    • Political economy
  • Infrastructure
    • Mode of production
    • Settlement pattern