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WORKING WITH USER ACCOUNTS

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Chapter 6 WORKING WITH USER ACCOUNTS CHAPTER OVERVIEW Understand the differences between local user and domain user accounts. Plan, create, and manage local and domain user accounts. Create and manage user accounts by using templates, importation, and command-line tools.

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chapter overview
Chapter 6: WORKING WITH USER ACCOUNTSCHAPTER OVERVIEW
  • Understand the differences between local user and domain user accounts.
  • Plan, create, and manage local and domain user accounts.
  • Create and manage user accounts by using templates, importation, and command-line tools.
  • Manage user profiles.
  • Understand the purpose and function of profiles.
  • Troubleshoot user authentication issues.
understanding user accounts
Chapter 6: WORKING WITH USER ACCOUNTSUNDERSTANDING USER ACCOUNTS
  • Stored in the Security Accounts Manager (SAM) database on that system
  • Can be used only on that system
  • Domain user accounts
    • Stored in Active Directory on domain controllers
    • Can be used on any system in Active Directory
workgroups
Chapter 6: WORKING WITH USER ACCOUNTSWORKGROUPS
  • No centralized database of user accounts
  • User account must exist in the SAM of each system the user accesses
  • Impractical in environments with more than 10 users
planning user accounts
Chapter 6: WORKING WITH USER ACCOUNTSPLANNING USER ACCOUNTS
  • Account naming
  • Choosing passwords
  • Designing an Active Directory hierarchy
account naming
Chapter 6: WORKING WITH USER ACCOUNTSACCOUNT NAMING
  • Account names can be between 1 and 20 characters (letters and/or numbers).
  • Account names are not case sensitive.
  • The following characters cannot be used in the account name:
    • " / \ [ ] : ; | , + = * ? < > @
designing an active directory hierarchy
Chapter 6: WORKING WITH USER ACCOUNTSDESIGNING AN ACTIVE DIRECTORY HIERARCHY
  • Create an organizational unit (OU) structure
  • Place users in appropriate OU
  • Provides for features such as group policy
managing domain user accounts
Chapter 6: WORKING WITH USER ACCOUNTSMANAGING DOMAIN USER ACCOUNTS
  • From the Action menu, you can:
    • Reset a user account password.
    • Rename, disable, and delete an account.
    • Modify group membership.
    • Send e-mail and open a user’s homepage.
creating multiple user objects
Chapter 6: WORKING WITH USER ACCOUNTSCREATING MULTIPLE USER OBJECTS
  • Using object templates
  • Using Csvde.exe
  • Using Dsadd.exe
using object templates
Chapter 6: WORKING WITH USER ACCOUNTSUSING OBJECT TEMPLATES
  • Can be an existing user account or an account created specifically for copying.
  • Not all properties are copied.
  • Object templates should be disabled to prevent use of the account.
importing user objects using csv directory exchange
Chapter 6: WORKING WITH USER ACCOUNTSIMPORTING USER OBJECTS USING CSV DIRECTORY EXCHANGE
  • Useful for creating large numbers of users at a time.
  • Step 1: Create a comma-separated value (CSV) text file of user information.
  • Step 2: Use Csvde.exe to import the user information from the CSV file into Active Directory.
creating user objects with dsadd exe
Chapter 6: WORKING WITH USER ACCOUNTSCREATING USER OBJECTS WITH DSADD.EXE
  • Command-line utility
  • Can be used in batch files or scripts
  • Can be used to add other objects as well as users
modifying user objects with dsmod exe
Chapter 6: WORKING WITH USER ACCOUNTSMODIFYING USER OBJECTS WITH DSMOD.EXE
  • Command-line utility
  • Can be used in batch files or scripts
  • Can be used only to modify existing objects
managing user profiles
Chapter 6: WORKING WITH USER ACCOUNTSMANAGING USER PROFILES
  • Allows each user to have a customized working environment
  • Preserves application settings, shortcuts, and preferences
  • Ensures that users do not affect each other’s work environment
user profile contents
Chapter 6: WORKING WITH USER ACCOUNTSUSER PROFILE CONTENTS
  • User-stored documents and files
  • Application configurations and settings
  • Desktop and environment settings
  • Control Panel settings and configurations
using local profiles
Chapter 6: WORKING WITH USER ACCOUNTSUSING LOCAL PROFILES
  • Stored on the local system
  • Available only when the user logs on to that system
  • Can be modified by the user as needed
using roaming profiles
Chapter 6: WORKING WITH USER ACCOUNTSUSING ROAMING PROFILES
  • Allows a user to have the same working environment from any client computer she logs on to.
  • Central storage provides for easier backup.
using mandatory profiles
Chapter 6: WORKING WITH USER ACCOUNTSUSING MANDATORY PROFILES
  • Can be either local or roaming.
  • User can make changes, but changes are not saved when user logs off.
  • Renaming Ntuser.dat to Ntuser.man designates profile as mandatory.
using password policies
Chapter 6: WORKING WITH USER ACCOUNTSUSING PASSWORD POLICIES
  • Provides a mechanism to control password use in the organization.
  • Should strike a balance between usability and security.
  • Creating a password policy that is too demanding increases password-related support calls.
using account lockout policies
Chapter 6: WORKING WITH USER ACCOUNTSUSING ACCOUNT LOCKOUT POLICIES
  • Account Lockout Threshold
  • Account Lockout Duration
  • Reset Account Lockout Counter After
active directory clients
Chapter 6: WORKING WITH USER ACCOUNTSACTIVE DIRECTORY CLIENTS
  • Windows 2000, Windows XP, and Windows Server 2003 include full Active Directory client capabilities.
  • Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows Me, and Windows NT 4 require additional client software to gain full Active Directory functionality.
auditing authentication
Chapter 6: WORKING WITH USER ACCOUNTSAUDITING AUTHENTICATION
  • Allows you to track failed and successful logon attempts
  • Can form part of a security policy
  • Creates minimal system overhead in all but largest environments
summary
Chapter 6: WORKING WITH USER ACCOUNTSSUMMARY
  • Local user accounts are stored on the local system and can provide users with access only to local resources. Domain user accounts are stored on Active Directory domain controllers and can provide users with access to resources all over the network.
  • User objects include the properties related to the individuals they represent.
  • A user object template is an object that is copied to produce new users. If the template is not a “real” user, it should be disabled. Only a subset of user properties is copied from templates.
  • Windows Server 2003 includes command-line tools that you can use to create and manage Active Directory objects, including Csvde.exe, Dsadd.exe, and Dsmod.exe.
summary continued
Chapter 6: WORKING WITH USER ACCOUNTSSUMMARY (continued)
  • A user profile is a collection of folders and data that make up the desktop environment for a specific user.
  • Windows Server 2003 generates an individual user profile for each person who logs on to the system. Local user profiles are stored on the local drive, whereas a roaming user profile is stored on a network server.
  • A mandatory user profile is one that never changes, providing the same desktop configuration each time the user logs on.
  • Auditing for authentication allows you to track logon activity for the network.
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