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Will The Pathogens Get Me?. 2001-2002 Langdon Area High School Health Careers Class. What is a Pathogen?. A pathogen or germ causes infection and disease. RABIES. By: Howard Klingbeil and Steve Symons. What is Rabies?.

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Will the pathogens get me

Will The Pathogens Get Me?

2001-2002

Langdon Area High School

Health Careers Class


What is a pathogen

What is a Pathogen?

A pathogen or germ causes infection and disease.


Rabies

RABIES

By: Howard Klingbeil and Steve Symons


What is rabies

What is Rabies?

Rabies is an acute and Deadly viral infection of the central nervous system.


What animals carry rabies
What Animals Carry Rabies?

  • Raccoons

  • Skunks

  • Foxes

  • Bats

  • Ferrets

  • Dogs

  • Cats


The symptoms of animals
The Symptoms of Animals

  • Very excitable

  • Vicious attacks

  • Biting

  • Drooling

  • Lack of fear

  • Aggressiveness

  • Muscular dysfunction

  • Death


The symptoms of humans
The Symptoms of Humans

  • Low grade fever

  • Pain at the bite sight

  • Swallowing difficulty

  • Restlessness

  • Irritability

  • Convulsions

  • Drooling




Treatment of rabies
Treatment of Rabies

  • Immediate thorough cleansing of animal bite or scratch wounds with liberal amounts of soap and water or flushing the mucous membranes with warm water

  • A vaccine which is a series of five shots. The shots are given of days 0, 3, 7, 14, and 28 after exposure.


Prevention of rabies
Prevention of Rabies

  • Make sure your pets and other domesticated animals regularly get animal rabies shots.

  • Keep your dog on a leash when its outside of the yard and do not chain it inside the yard.

  • Avoid contact with wild or unfamiliar animals, and don’t touch them even when they are dead.

  • Seal basement, porch, and attic openings and cap chimney to prevent animals from entering your home.

  • Report strays or animals acting strangely or sick to your local animal control authorities.


Bibliography
Bibliography

  • Epidemiology. CDC. 6 June 2001. 6 pag. Online: Internet Explorer. Yahoo. Internet. October 30, 2001. http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvrd/rabies/Epidem…/Epidemiology.ht

  • North Dakota Rabies Stats. Division Disease Control. 16 August 2001. 8 pag. Online: Internet Explorer. Yahoo. Internet. October 31, 2001. http://www.health.state.nd.us/ndhd/prevent/disease/rabies/stats.htm

  • Rabies. Electric Library. 1 pag. Online: Internet Explorer. Yahoo. Internet. October 31, 2001. www.encyclopedia.com

  • Rabies. NIAID Fact sheet. 13 January 2001. 5 pag. Online: Internet Explorer. Yahoo. Internet. October 31, 2001. http://www.niaid.nih.gov/factsheets/rabies.htm


Smallpox

Smallpox

By

Joel Gustafson

&

Brian Vikan


Timeline of smallpox
Timeline of Smallpox

  • 300 b.c. The Chinese use inoculation to prevent the disease.

  • 1520 a.d. Smallpox was brought to the Americas by Hernando Cortez, killing 3,500,000 Aztecs in two years.

  • 1600’s Spaniards brought the disease to Caribbean Islands and Florida.

  • 1616-19 A Smallpox Plague killed 90% of the population of the Indians in the area of Massachusetts.

  • 1666 Smallpox epidemic in England.

  • 1797 Edward Jenner developed a vaccine for Smallpox in England using infection from Cowpox sores.

  • 1821 The use of the Smallpox vaccine in the United States was prevented.


Symptoms
Symptoms

  • Symptoms appear in newly infected victims 10 to 12 days days later.

  • 2-4 days later a rash appears on the face and spreads to other parts of the body.




More symptoms
More Symptoms

  • At first it’s like the flu - causing and under-the-weather feeling of fever, nausea,vomiting, headache, and backache.

  • Severe abdominal pain and disorientation can set in, as small, round sores erupt all over the skin.


Facts
Facts

  • There is no treatment for Smallpox.

  • Smallpox was once so common that almost everyone had it at some time.

  • In 1971, the U.S. ended routine vaccinations.

  • In May, 1980, WHO (World Health Organization) formally announced that smallpox had been eliminated.


Other facts
Other Facts

  • Smallpox is a highly contagious virus that can be spread through the air and infects 30% of the people to it.

  • About 20 to 30% of the people who are infected will die, and survivors can be left with permanent scars.


Ways smallpox could spread
Ways smallpox could spread.

By Touching someone

through physical contact

By Touch if Infected


Work cited
Work Cited

  • The UCLA Biomedical History and Special Collections Divisions. Http://www.library.ucla.edu

  • “What is Smallpox?” MSN Health http://www.content.health.msn.com

  • Henderson, Donald A. “Smallpox” The World Book Encyclopedia.


Hepatitis b

Hepatitis B

By Jamie Coyle


Main symptoms
Main Symptoms

  • The main symptoms are fatigue, abdominal pain, and jaundice (yellow coloration of the skin).

  • Other symptoms may include nausea/vomiting and joint pain.

  • When you have this disease, you eventually go through all these symptoms.


Ways to contract the virus
Ways to contract the virus.

  • Having “unsafe non-condom sex.”

  • Sharing personal items such as razors, especially with Hepatitis B virus on them.

  • Using infected needles during excessive illegal drug use.

  • Contamination on tattoo needles.


Other types of hepatitis
Other types of Hepatitis

  • Hepatitis A, which is the mildest form

  • Hepatitis B, which is the second worst, but can also be controlled.

  • Hepatitis C, which is the most serious one, if you get this one, chances are you will soon be going by by.


Transmission occurs when

Transmission occurs when….

The body fluids/blood of an infected person enters the un-immune body of another person. People who are at risk for Hepatitis B are also have chances of getting Hepatitis C.


Risk groups
Risk Groups

  • Persons with multiple sex partners and don’t use condoms.

  • Men that have sex with men.

  • Any sexual contact with an infected person will give you this disease.

  • Using sterile needles and condoms will help prevent you from getting this disease.


Statistics
Statistics

  • Highest rate of people that get it are in the 20 to 49 year old age group.

  • There has been a great decline in infected children due to routine vaccinations.

  • An estimated 1.25 chronically infected americans (20-30% get it in childhood).

  • About 400 million people are carrying this disease around.


Works cited

Works Cited

www.yahoo/health.com

www2hepb.org/info.html

www.globalserve.net/~harlequin/HBV/history.htm

ND board of health webpage

www.cdc.gov/ncidod/diseases/hepatitis


Anthrax

ANTHRAX

By:

Chris,

Adam,

and Michael


Definition
Definition

  • Anthrax is a spore forming bacterium.


Types of anthrax
Types of Anthrax

  • There are three types of Anthrax

  • 1.Cutaneous

  • 2.Intestinal

  • 3.Inhalation


Symptoms of cutaneous anthrax
Symptoms of Cutaneous Anthrax

  • Raised itchy bump

  • Vesicle into a painless ulcer with a black necrotic area in the center

  • Lymph glands in adjacent area may swell


Symptoms of intestinal anthrax
Symptoms of Intestinal Anthrax

  • Nausea

  • Loss of appetite

  • Vomiting

  • Fever

  • Vomiting of blood

  • Severe Diarrhea


Symptoms of inhalation anthrax
Symptoms of Inhalation Anthrax

  • Common cold

  • Severe breathing problems

  • Shock


Prevention
Prevention

  • All three types of Anthrax can be prevented with vaccinations.


Spread by
Spread By

  • Cutaneous Anthrax is spread by open wounds from human to human.

  • Intestinal Anthrax is spread by red contaminated meat with ingestion.

  • Inhalation Anthrax is spread through the air by breathing it in.


Cures
Cures

  • Cutaneous Anthrax can be treated and cured with vaccinations and antibiotics.

  • Intestinal Anthrax can be treated with vaccinations and antibiotics. It is not always curable.

  • Inhalation can be treated for a few days with antibiotics. 90% of all victims will die.





Works cited1
Works Cited

medlineplus.gov

www.anthrax.osd.mil/Site_Files/multimedia/images/bacslide02.jpg

www.aomc.org/com Diseases/ Anthrax.html

http://www.fda.gov/cber/vaccine/anthrax.html


Aids hiv

AIDS/HIV

By: Jeremy Pritchard

&

Heather Moser


Definition of aids hiv
Definition of AIDS/HIV

  • AIDS - acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

  • HIV - human immunodeficiency virus


Symptoms1
Symptoms

  • Weight loss

  • Persistent Fever

  • Extreme Fatigue

  • Diarrhea

  • Swollen lymph glands

  • Loss of balance

  • Disorientation


Prevention1
Prevention

  • Aids is spread by unsafe sex methods, dirty needles, contaminated blood, and some body fluids such as: semen, and vaginal secretions.

  • To prevent AIDS/HIV you should practice safe sex and be aware of infected fluids and dirty needles.


Cures1
Cures

  • Currently there are no cures for the AIDS virus. However, we do know that household bleach can kill it and that the virus can not live outside the body for more than a few seconds.


Statistics1
Statistics

  • An American is infected with AIDS every 13 minutes.

  • Someone dies from AIDS every 17 minutes.

  • There have been 733,374 cases of AIDS in the U.S. since 1981 and that number increases by the minute. Out of these cases 300,000 people have died and that number is also growing by the minute.


Statistics in north dakota
Statistics in North Dakota

  • From the year 1986 to 1995 there were only 65 cases reported. There are possibly more infected because some people never get tested and pass on the infection before they realize they have the virus.

  • Statistics show that in 1990-1991 the rate of change in reported AIDS cases was by far the highest.


Sources
Sources

  • Www.ci.nyc.ny.us/html/doh/html/std/stdal.html

  • AIDS by: Barbara Lerman Golomb

  • Hab.hrs.gov/dhs/states/ND-epi.htm