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Birth Control Methods What do you want to accomplish? When do you want to become a parent? What does a baby need? Everyone needs a plan What is your plan? Plans are personal…you make your own decisions Plans help you be prepared for anything

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everyone needs a plan
Everyone needs a plan

What is your plan?

  • Plans are personal…you make your own decisions
  • Plans help you be prepared for anything
  • Once you know what you want, you can set boundaries
abstinence
Abstinence

It’s ok to say, “No way.”

No matter what other choices you’ve made in the past.

abstinence6
Abstinence
  • 100% effective against pregnancy
  • Eliminates most threats of STIs
  • No drugs or devices
  • Private
things to do besides having sex
Hold hands

Swap MP3s

Hugs

Talk about your feelings

Have a picnic

Take a walk together

Do homework together

Go on a hike

Talk on your cell

Give compliments

Send a funny card

Be best friends

Hide a love note

Share an ice cream cone

Cook each other food

Bake cookies

Choose a theme song

Watch a movie

Do something special

Talk about your dreams

Begin a hobby together

Give a gift

IM each other

Start a Wii competition

Things to do besides having sex
when can someone get pregnant anytime
When can someone get pregnant? ANYTIME!!!

Period Starts Ovulation Cycle End

Day 1 Days 11-16 Day 28

  • Egg release or ovulation doesn’t happen at the same time every month and can be different for each woman.
  • You can get pregnant before you’ve had a period.
  • Young women can release two eggs in a month.
  • Males are fertile all the time after beginning sperm production.
  • The egg can survive up to 24 hours after released.
  • Sperm can survive inside for up to five days.

NO SAFE TIME!

barrier methods
Barrier Methods
  • Female condom
  • Male condom
  • Spermicides
  • Sponge
  • Diaphragm
female condom
Female Condom

It looks funny … but it still works.

male condom
Male Condom
  • Condoms have many benefits!
    • Reduced risk of pregnancy
    • Sexually Transmitted Infection protection for fluid transmission (e.g. HIV, Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, Syphilis, etc.)
    • Prolonged enjoyment
condoms
Condoms
  • 90-98% effective
    • More effective with spermicide
    • Reliability varies due to improper use
  • Easily available
  • Protects against STIs during oral sex
  • Polyurethane condoms for latex allergy
  • Must use new condom every time
early spermicides
Early Spermicides
  • Crocodile dung, honey
  • Plants
  • Cotton soaked with lemon

Did not work well!

spermicides
Spermicides
  • 85-90% effective
    • easy availability
    • possible irritation
  • Must be inserted before each act of intercourse
sponge
Sponge
  • No need for prescription
  • Leave in place for 6

hours after sex

  • Uses nonoxynol-9 spermicide
  • Don’t rinse and reuse
  • No hormones
diaphragm
Diaphragm
  • 86-97% effective
    • Must be used with spermicide
    • Must be used every time
  • Can be inserted 1 hour before intercourse
  • Must leave in 6-8 hours after intercourse
  • Not for people with a Latex allergy
hormonal methods
Hormonal Methods
  • Simulates pregnancy so an egg is not released
    • The “Pill”
    • The “Patch”
    • NuvaRing
    • Depo-Provera
    • Implanon

Hormonal methods do not protect against STIs.

the pill
The Pill

Just one little pill every day… in over 40 different kinds.

the pill22
The Pill
  • 98-99% effective
  • Many reasons for taking the pill
    • May make periods more comfortable
    • May decrease acne
    • Required for some medications
    • More regular periods
  • No protection against STIs
the patch ortho evra
The “Patch”Ortho Evra
  • 99% effective
  • Can be worn in four different spots on the body
  • Can be worn in the shower, while swimming or exercising
  • Change once a week
  • Generally not recommended for smokers
  • No protection against STIs
nuvaring
NuvaRing
  • 99% effective
  • Flexible ring fits into a woman’s vagina
  • Releases a steady stream of hormones
  • Remove after three weeks
  • No protection against STIs
depo provera
Depo-Provera
  • 99% effective
  • A shot every 10 -13 wks
  • No protection against STIs
implanon
Implanon
  • 99% effective
  • Small, implantable hormonal contraceptive
  • Good for three years
  • No protection against STIs
other methods
Other Methods
  • IUD: ParaGard & Mirena
  • Rhythm Method or Natural Family Planning
  • Sterilization
intrauterine device iud
99% effective

Releases hormone into the lining of the uterus

Good for five years

No protection against STIs

99% effective

No hormones

Good for 10 years

No protection against STIs

IntraUterine Device (IUD)

Mirena

ParaGard

Best candidates have had children and are in a single partner/long-term relationship

rhythm method or natural family planning
Rhythm Method or Natural Family Planning
  • Couples learn to watch signs like body temperature and changes in cervical lubrication to figure out when ovulation happens
  • Couples avoid having sex during fertile times
  • Not recommended for teens because cycles are not consistent and sometimes ovulate more than once a month

Takes training and

a major commitment

sterilization
Sterilization
  • 99-100% effective
  • Requires surgery
  • No protection against STIs
  • Usually irreversible
things that don t work
Things That Don’t Work
  • Wishful thinking
  • Creative positions
  • Tight underwear
  • Swimming pools or hot tubs

You only need ONE SPERM to get pregnant.

withdrawal or pulling out
Withdrawal or Pulling Out

Not a form of birth control!

help for those oops times
Help for those OOPS! times

Plan B

  • Used to be called the 72 hour pill or the Morning After Pill
  • Now available at drug stores for those 18 years old and older OR available at Tri-County at any age
  • No Prescription needed!!
plan b
Plan B
  • 75% - 95% effective
  • Works up to 5 days (120hours) after intercourse— The Sooner The Better!!!
  • Does not affect an already established pregnancy, but not intended to be taken if you know you are already pregnant
birth control myths
Birth Control Myths
  • You can’t get pregnant the first time you have sex.
  • If you jump up and down real fast after sex, you’ll confuse the sperm.
  • You can’t get pregnant if you have sex during your period.
birth control myths37
Birth Control Myths
  • If you go to the bathroom after sex, you won’t get pregnant.
  • Birth control is the woman’s responsibility.
implementing your plan
Implementing your Plan
  • The 3 R’s
    • Respect yourself and your partner
    • Take Responsibility
    • You have the Right to be safe and say NO
where to get more information
Where to get more information
  • Parents
  • Physicians
  • Health department/clinics
  • School nurse/counselor
for women interested in birth control
For women interested in Birth Control….
  • Call (303) 363-3018 to make an appointment.
tri county health department

Tri-County Health Department

Our goal is that every pregnancy

is planned and wanted.