When do you want to become a parent? What does a baby need?
Everyone needs a plan What is your plan? • Plans are personal…you make your own decisions • Plans help you be prepared for anything • Once you know what you want, you can set boundaries
Abstinence It’s ok to say, “No way.” No matter what other choices you’ve made in the past.
Abstinence • 100% effective against pregnancy • Eliminates most threats of STIs • No drugs or devices • Private
Hold hands Swap MP3s Hugs Talk about your feelings Have a picnic Take a walk together Do homework together Go on a hike Talk on your cell Give compliments Send a funny card Be best friends Hide a love note Share an ice cream cone Cook each other food Bake cookies Choose a theme song Watch a movie Do something special Talk about your dreams Begin a hobby together Give a gift IM each other Start a Wii competition Things to do besides having sex
When can someone get pregnant? ANYTIME!!! Period Starts Ovulation Cycle End Day 1 Days 11-16 Day 28 • Egg release or ovulation doesn’t happen at the same time every month and can be different for each woman. • You can get pregnant before you’ve had a period. • Young women can release two eggs in a month. • Males are fertile all the time after beginning sperm production. • The egg can survive up to 24 hours after released. • Sperm can survive inside for up to five days. NO SAFE TIME!
Barrier Methods • Female condom • Male condom • Spermicides • Sponge • Diaphragm
Female Condom It looks funny … but it still works.
Male Condom • Condoms have many benefits! • Reduced risk of pregnancy • Sexually Transmitted Infection protection for fluid transmission (e.g. HIV, Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, Syphilis, etc.) • Prolonged enjoyment
Condoms • 90-98% effective • More effective with spermicide • Reliability varies due to improper use • Easily available • Protects against STIs during oral sex • Polyurethane condoms for latex allergy • Must use new condom every time
Early Spermicides • Crocodile dung, honey • Plants • Cotton soaked with lemon Did not work well!
Spermicides • 85-90% effective • easy availability • possible irritation • Must be inserted before each act of intercourse
Sponge • No need for prescription • Leave in place for 6 hours after sex • Uses nonoxynol-9 spermicide • Don’t rinse and reuse • No hormones
Diaphragm • 86-97% effective • Must be used with spermicide • Must be used every time • Can be inserted 1 hour before intercourse • Must leave in 6-8 hours after intercourse • Not for people with a Latex allergy
Hormonal Methods • Simulates pregnancy so an egg is not released • The “Pill” • The “Patch” • NuvaRing • Depo-Provera • Implanon Hormonal methods do not protect against STIs.
The Pill Just one little pill every day… in over 40 different kinds.
The Pill • 98-99% effective • Many reasons for taking the pill • May make periods more comfortable • May decrease acne • Required for some medications • More regular periods • No protection against STIs
The “Patch”Ortho Evra • 99% effective • Can be worn in four different spots on the body • Can be worn in the shower, while swimming or exercising • Change once a week • Generally not recommended for smokers • No protection against STIs
NuvaRing • 99% effective • Flexible ring fits into a woman’s vagina • Releases a steady stream of hormones • Remove after three weeks • No protection against STIs
Depo-Provera • 99% effective • A shot every 10 -13 wks • No protection against STIs
Implanon • 99% effective • Small, implantable hormonal contraceptive • Good for three years • No protection against STIs
Other Methods • IUD: ParaGard & Mirena • Rhythm Method or Natural Family Planning • Sterilization
99% effective Releases hormone into the lining of the uterus Good for five years No protection against STIs 99% effective No hormones Good for 10 years No protection against STIs IntraUterine Device (IUD) Mirena ParaGard Best candidates have had children and are in a single partner/long-term relationship
Rhythm Method or Natural Family Planning • Couples learn to watch signs like body temperature and changes in cervical lubrication to figure out when ovulation happens • Couples avoid having sex during fertile times • Not recommended for teens because cycles are not consistent and sometimes ovulate more than once a month Takes training and a major commitment
Sterilization • 99-100% effective • Requires surgery • No protection against STIs • Usually irreversible
Things That Don’t Work • Wishful thinking • Creative positions • Tight underwear • Swimming pools or hot tubs You only need ONE SPERM to get pregnant.
Withdrawal or Pulling Out Not a form of birth control!
Help for those OOPS! times Plan B • Used to be called the 72 hour pill or the Morning After Pill • Now available at drug stores for those 18 years old and older OR available at Tri-County at any age • No Prescription needed!!
Plan B • 75% - 95% effective • Works up to 5 days (120hours) after intercourse— The Sooner The Better!!! • Does not affect an already established pregnancy, but not intended to be taken if you know you are already pregnant
Birth Control Myths • You can’t get pregnant the first time you have sex. • If you jump up and down real fast after sex, you’ll confuse the sperm. • You can’t get pregnant if you have sex during your period.
Birth Control Myths • If you go to the bathroom after sex, you won’t get pregnant. • Birth control is the woman’s responsibility.
Implementing your Plan • The 3 R’s • Respect yourself and your partner • Take Responsibility • You have the Right to be safe and say NO
Where to get more information • Parents • Physicians • Health department/clinics • School nurse/counselor
For women interested in Birth Control…. • Call (303) 363-3018 to make an appointment.
Tri-County Health Department Our goal is that every pregnancy is planned and wanted.