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Barbara Davis Goldman, Judith B. Borja, Lorraine C. Taylor, and Margaret E. Bentley The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Early Infant Feeding Practices: Impact of Informational Support With African American WIC-Eligible First-Time Mothers Results
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Barbara Davis Goldman, Judith B. Borja, Lorraine C. Taylor, and Margaret E. BentleyThe University of North Carolina at Chapel HillEarly Infant Feeding Practices: Impact of Informational Support With African American WIC-Eligible First-Time Mothers
American Academy of Pediatrics Policy
Statement: Breastfeeding and the Use of
Human Milk *
* Pediatrics, Vol. 115, No. 2, February 2005
Breastfeeding Initiation and Informational Support*
WIC: Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children*
Population Served: low-income, nutritionally at risk pregnant and post-partum women
Loving Support Makes Breastfeeding Work is the WIC breastfeeding promotion campaign, national in scope and implemented at the state level. The goals of the campaign are to encourage WIC participants to INITIATE and CONTINUE breastfeeding. WIC mothers choosing to breastfeed are provided information through counseling and educational materials.
WIC mothers are encouraged to breastfeed if possible, but WIC provides iron-fortified infant formula for mothers who choose this feeding method. Participants generally receive checks or vouchers to purchase specific foods each month that are designed to supplement their diets. In addition to infant formula (iron-fortified or special therapeutic formulas), WIC foods include iron-fortified infant cereal and adult cereal, vitamin C-rich fruit or vegetable juice, eggs, milk, cheese, peanut butter, dried beans/peas, tuna fish and carrots.
*WIC is administered by the Food and Nutrition Service of the US Department of Agriculture (from www.fns.usda.gov/wic/)
* Logistic regression results (presented as Odds Ratios)
** Models controlled for: maternal age, household size, work status, maternal education, depressive symptoms score (marital status excluded – all non-single mothers initiated breastfeeding)
Initiation of breastfeeding
How 3 month old infants are fed in this sample
BF+ SJ 1.03%
BF ONLY 6.70%
BF+ FORM 3.61%
BF + FORM +
FORMULA + SOLIDS/JUICE 63.92%
* Multiple sources of information are ranked; first source mentioned considered as source most relied on
Infant Care, Feeding, and Risk of Obesity, M. E. Bentley, PI
NICHD 5 R01 HD042219
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